FAKTOR RISIKO PERILAKU MASYARAKAT PADA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA LEPTOSPIROSIS KABUPATEN KEBUMEN TAHUN 2017

Diana Andriyani Pratamawati, S.Sos, Ristiyanto Ristiyanto, Farida Dwi Handayani, Revi Rosavika Kinansi

Abstract


In 2017, Kebumen District Health Office reported that there has been a significant increase in leptospiral cases. Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by pathogenic bacteria of the Leptospira genus, and includes the most common zoonotic disease occurring primarily in tropical countries. Data obtained from Kebumen District Health Office in January-April 2017, total number of cases of leptospirosis as many as 60 cases (40 Positive RDT and with 6 people died (CFR = 9.83) .The purpose of this study to determine the relationship between behavioral factors people with leptospirosis incidence and risk factor scale in Kebumen District. The study used an observational analytic study with case control design The cases were all leptospirosis patients diagnosed clinically with leptospirosis symptoms and laboratory confirmation (+) recorded in the District Health Office Kebumen during the period of January-March 2017, and live in the sub-district with the highest case Control is neighbor of leptospirosis patient who has never suffered from leptospirosis and never experienced symptoms of leptospirosis symptoms The sample in this study amounted to 30 people, consisting of 15 cases and 15 control sample taking using Purposive Sampling method. Data analysis using Chi Square test and Odds Ratio (OR) calculation with 95% significance level. This study indicate that the variables associated with leptospirosis occurrence are variables to the barefoot yard (OR = 2,3, 95%), activity in the rice field (OR = 1,4,95%), and if any open wound is not closed (OR = 1,4; 95%).It is necessary to counsel people to wear footwear when they are laughing / yard and cover open wounds with plaster to prevent leptospira bacteria from entering the body .


Keywords


Risk Factors, Behavior, Leptospirosis, Kebumen

References


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Rastiwi B, 2012. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN BANTUL. JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT, 1(2), pp.881–895.

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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