DISTRIBUSI VEKTOR DAN POTENSI PENULARAN MALARIA DI PAPUA BARAT PADA BERBAGAI EKOSISTEM

Riyani Setiyaningsih, Mega Tyas Prihatin, Mujiyono Mujiyono Mujiyono, Triwibowo Ambar Garjito, Widiarti Widiarti Widiarti

Abstract


West Papua is one of the malaria endemic areas in Indonesia. Anopheles species that have been confirmed as malaria vectors are Anopheles farauti, Anopheles brancofti, Anopheles punctulatus, and Anopheles koliensis. The distribution of vectors and potential for malaria transmission differs in ecosystem differences. The aim of this research is to know the distribution and potential of malaria transmission in various ecosystem. Mosquito catching by human landing collection method, Animal Bited Trap, and livestock feed. The larva survey was conducted in places that have potential as breeding place for Anopheles spp. Sampling sites were conducted in Manokwari, Fak-fak and Raja Ampat districts. Each District of mosquito and larva fishing is conducted in forest ecosystem near settlement, remote forest settlement, non forest near settlement, non forest remote settlement, beach near settlement and coastal remote settlement. Result of catching mosquito in check of plasmodium in laboratory. The result of pathogen examination in Manokwari Regency of plasmodium positive species is An. farauti on the beach near the settlement, An. longirostris in the remote forest settlement ecosystem and An. punctulatus in non-forest near settlement ecosystems. In Raja Ampat District An. farauti positif plasmodium in non-forest eksositem near settlement. In Fak-fak district, Anopheles was not found positive for plasmodium. The potential for malaria transmission can occur in Manokwari and Raja Ampat districts.


Keywords


ecosystem, malaria, vector

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