EKTOPARASIT TUNGAU TROMBIKULID DAN INANGNYA SERTA PELUANG PENULARAN SCRUB TYPHUS DI BEBERAPA DAERAH PULAU JAWA

Ristiyanto Ristiyanto, Farida D. H, Arief Mulyono, Tuti R. Hadi

Abstract


Trombikulid mite studies was conducted in Java. The parasitic mite plays an important role in the transmission of the disease scrub typhus. The aim of this was to know the species of trombiculid mite and their host, as well as distribution in Java. The study was conducted in Banten, West Java, Central Java and East Java, in the year 1970 to 2011. Study Design  is a descriptive study. Methods of study  were conduct the rats, bats and birds survey, as well as the use of black plate to catch the mites that live freely. Trombikulid mites in some areas in Java includes 4 Tribus consists of 16 genera. The genus Tribus Whartoniini much as 1 consists of 3 spcies. Tribus Trombiculini as 6 genus includes 17 species. Tribus Schoengastini as much as 8 genus includes 15 species and Tribus Gahrliepiini 1 genus includes 12 species. In addition it is expected of the 45 species, 12 species are suspected new species. Host of trombikulid mite is  Chiroptera, Aves, insectivores, rodents and Carnivora. Trombikulid mites that have vegetated habitat specific and limited distribution, then the probability of scrub typhus which is transmitted through a mite trombikulid in Java is not a problem for public health.

 


Keywords


mite, Java, scrub, host

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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