Faktor Risiko Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB) Leptospirosis Paska Banjir di Kabupaten Pati Tahun 2014

Nova Pramestuti, Anggun Paramita Djati, Agung Puja Kesuma

Abstract


Leptospirosis is a disease caused by Leptospira which transmitted by reservoir. Flood can increase risk of the transmission. There had been flood in Pati District in January 2014 and then outbreaks occured afterwards. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for leptospirosis outbreaks after flood in Pati district 2014. The research was conducted in Pati in March 2014, with cross sectional design. Data were collected by interviews of 35 persons using a structured questionnaire. The results showed that cases of leptospirosis mostly in flood areas (75.7%), dominant in male sex (74.4%) and 15-44 years age group (41.9%). The most significant risk factor were contact with water/irrigation canal in rice fields (RP = 4.81) and cuts and abrasions in the skin (RP = 4.57). Another risk factor were cleaning drains/sewers which stagnant, contact with stagnant water around the house/ floodwater, contact with rats, and job at risk such as farmers, cattleman, fishermen, fishpond workers, looking for stone in river. The risk factors were important epidemiological in transmission of leptospirosis outbreaks which associated with flood in Pati District.Key words: risk factor, outbreak, leptospirosis, flood

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p-ISSN : 2085-868X

e-ISSN : 2354-8789

LIPI Accreditation Number : 583/Akred/P2MI-LIPI/09/2014

Published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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