Morphological Analysis of Anopheles vagus Donitz, 1902 (Diptera : Culicidae ) in fresh water and brackish water habitats = Variasi Morfologi Anopheles vagus Donitz, 1902 (Diptera : Culicidae) dari Habitat Air Tawar dan Air Payau

Siti Alfiah, Mujiyono Mujiyono

Morphological Analysis of Anopheles vagus Donitz, 1902 (Diptera : Culicidae ) in fresh water and brackish water habitats = Variasi Morfologi Anopheles vagus Donitz, 1902 (Diptera : Culicidae) dari Habitat Air Tawar dan Air Payau

Abstract


ENGLISH

Abstract

Anopheles subpictus had habitat variation and showed genetic difference. So, the variation of habitat of An. vagus may support the hypothesa that An. vagus had genetic and morphology variation, same as An. subpictus.The aimed of this research was analyze morphology and chaetotaxy difference between An. vagus in fresh water and brackish water. The subject of the study was An. vagus collected from Kesongo Village, Tuntang Subdistrict, Semarang (fresh water) and Jatimalang Village, Purwodadi Subdistrict, Purworejo (brackish water). Anopheles vagus were collected and individually reared. One sample in every batch was used to make larvae skin, pupae skin and adult specimen of An. vagus. The result showed that there were intra and inter population variation between An. vagus in fresh water and brackish water. The variations were on the size and number of hair branches and filaments. The conclution of this research were the morphology and chaetotaxy of female An. vagus in fresh water and brackish water showed no different. Intra and interpopulation An. vagus in fresh water and brackish water were caused by the difference of geography location (allopatric speciation).

INDONESIAN

Variasi habitat terjadi pada An. subpictus, variasi habitat yang berbeda menunjukkan variasi genetik yang berbeda. Oleh karena itu variasi habitat An. vagus diduga akan bepengaruh terhadap variasi genetik dan morfologi. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis perbedaan morfologi dan kaetotaksi Anopheles vagus habitat air tawar dan air payau. Subyek penelitian adalah An. vagus habitat air tawar di Desa Kesongo, Kecamatan Tuntang, Kabupaten Semarang dan An. vagus habitat air payau di Desa Jatimalang, Kecamatan Purwodadi, Kabupaten Purworejo. Anopheles vagus yang diperoleh, di rearing secara individual. Tiap indukan diambil satu sampel keturunannya dan dibuat preparat skin larva, skin pupa dan nyamuk dewasa betina. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa Anopheles vagus betina habitat air tawar dan air payau menunjukkan variasi intra dan interpopulasi. Variasi terdapat pada ukuran dan jumlah cabang rambut atau filament. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah An. vagus betina habitat air tawar dan air payau tidak menunjukkan perbedaan. Variasi intra dan interpopulasi An. vagus betina terjadi karena perbedaan letak geografi (allopatric speciation).

 


Keywords


morphology, chaetotaxy, Anopheles vagus, habitat, morfologi, kaetotaksi

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p-ISSN: 2085-675X

e-ISSN: 2354-8770

Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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