DENGUE VECTOR CONTROL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL COMMUNITY IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT, SEMARANG CITY=PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA KOMUNITAS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG

Aryani Pujiyanti, Diana Andriyani Pratamawati

DENGUE VECTOR CONTROL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL COMMUNITY IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT, SEMARANG CITY=PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA KOMUNITAS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG

Abstract


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Abstract

Tembalang district was a Dengue endemic area in Semarang City that had a highest incidence rate of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in 2010. Aedes vector control behavior was still low. School community’s vector control behavior played a role in dengue prevention programs in schools. The purpose of the study was to identify knowledge, attitude and behavior of dengue vector control in primary school community. This study used across sectional design. Samples were 107 primary school teachers and janitors in Tembalang District, Semarang City in 2011. Sampel was choosed with proportional random sampling method. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively (univariat analysis). Results showed that school community awareness in dengue transmission was low because respondents did not know about secondary infection of DHF and the existence of Aedes mosquito that perceived unserious in community. Respondents did not feel as risk population because dengue was understood as a disease that attacked school children rather than adults. The effectiveness of mosquito nest eradication (PSN) for vector control activity in Tembalang District did not have positive response from school community. Vector control and biting prevention in school environment were need improvement. This study recommended health promotion to DHF infection, mosquito nest eradication activities, and DHF vector behavior for teacher and janitors

INDONESIAN

AbstrakKecamatan Tembalang merupakan wilayah endemis DBD dengan angka kesakitan DBD tertinggi di Kota Semarang pada Tahun 2010.Perilaku pengendalian jentik nyamuk Aedes di lingkungan sekolah di Kecamatan Tembalang masih rendah. Pemahaman komunitas sekolah terhadap upaya pengendalian vektor ikut berperan dalam program pencegahan DBD di sekolah.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pengendalian vektor DBD pada komunitas sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi adalah seluruh guru dan tenaga kebersihan di sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Tembalang. Sampel berjumlah 107 orang yaitu guru dan tenaga kebersihan di sekolah dasar/sederajat di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang pada Tahun 2011 yang diambil menggunakan proportional random sampling. Variabel penelitian adalah data diperoleh melalui wawancara terstruktur menggunakan instrumen kuesioner. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif (analisis univariat). Hasil penelitian menunjukan kewaspadaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penularan DBD masih rendah akibat ketidaktahuan responden terhadap infeksi sekunder DBD dan siklus hidup nyamuk dan keberadaan nyamuk sebagai vektor tidak dianggap serius di masyarakat. Responden tidak merasa sebagai kelompok berisiko karena DBD dipahami cenderung menyerang anak-anak daripada usia dewasa. Efektivitas pemberantasan sarang nyamuk (PSN) untuk pengendalian vektor DBD di Kecamatan Tembalang belum mendapat respon positif dari komunitas sekolah. Tindakan pengendalian vektor dan pencegahan gigitan nyamuk di lingkungan sekolah masih perlu peningkatan. Rekomendasi yang diberikan adalah promosi kesehatan tentang infeksi DBD, tindakan PSN dan perilaku nyamuk vektor DBD pada guru dan penjaga sekolah.


Keywords


vector control behavior, dengue haermorrhagic fever, teachers, perilaku pengendalian vektor, demam berdarah dengue, guru

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

The journal was established in 2009 while online publication has been started from 2015. The journal is published in Bahasa Indonesia and English.  Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and online pharmacy journal. Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia aims to serve the updated scientific knowledge for researchers in pharmaceutical fields. There is no charge for submitted manuscript as well as for processing manuscript. The journal has been registered with e-ISSN 2354-8770, and p-ISSN 2085-675X and accredited by Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) with Decree No. 581/Akred/P2MI/LIPI/09/2014.

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