BEHAVIOR AND ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTOR ON CHIKUNGUNYA OUTBREAKS AT SALATIGA CITY IN 2012 = FAKTOR RISIKO PERILAKU DAN LINGKUNGAN RUMAH PADA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KOTA SALATIGA TAHUN 2012

Diana Andriyani Pratamawati, Yusnita Mirna Anggraeni

BEHAVIOR AND ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTOR ON CHIKUNGUNYA OUTBREAKS AT SALATIGA CITY IN 2012 = FAKTOR RISIKO PERILAKU DAN LINGKUNGAN RUMAH PADA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KOTA SALATIGA TAHUN 2012

Abstract


English

ABSTRACT

On February 9, 2012 date specified chikungunya outbreak in Salatiga. This study aimed to examine behavioral and environmental risk factors associated with the disease, vector, modes of transmission, treatment seeking, as well as ways to prevent chikungunya on people in the hamlet Sinoman and Rekesan during the chikungunya outbreak in 2012 . This type of research is used case-control study. This study was conducted in January through April of 2012. Interview and observations conducted on 134 respondents. There is no relationship between the incidence of chikungunya respondent behavior and the behavior of the respondent is not proven as a risk factor chikungunya. But  events, there is a relationship between the incidence of chikungunya lighting and home lighting proved to be a risk factor for chikungunya incidence and its risk by 2.8 times. In addition to lighting, there is a relationship between the incidence of chikungunya home humidity, although not statistically proven as a risk factor for chikungunya. There was a significant association between the presence of mosquitoes on the clothes hanging in the incidence of chikungunya, in harmony with it has been shown that the presence of mosquitoes at the clothes hanging heightens the risk by 4.19 times causing events are expected to cultivate back chikungunya. People must have eradication of mosquito breeding activity, do not hang clothes secondhand, using a wire gauze on the vent, and the use of anti-mosquito drugs to avoid contact with the mosquitoborne chikungunya .

Indonesia

Kejadian luar biasa (KLB) penyakit chikungunya di Kota Salatiga pada tanggal 9 Februari 2012 Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji faktor risiko perilaku dan lingkungan rumah, yang berkaitan dengan penyakit, vektor, cara penularan, pencarian pengobatan, serta cara pencegahan chikungunya di Dusun Sinoman dan Rekesan ketika KLB Chikungunya tahun 2012. Rancangan penelitian adalah case control. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari-April tahun 2012. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan observasi terhadap 134 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara perilaku responden dengan kejadian chikungunya (p>0,05), serta perilaku responden tidak terbukti sebagai faktor risiko kejadian chikungunya (p> 0,05). Namun, ada hubungan antara pencahayaan dengan kejadian chikungunya, serta pencahayaan rumah terbukti sebagai faktor risiko kejadian chikungunya dengan tingkat risiko sebesar 2,8 kali. Ada hubungan antara kelembaban rumah dengan kejadian chikungunya (p <0,05), namun kelembaban tidak terbukti secara statistik sebagai faktor risiko chikungunya. Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara keberadaan nyamuk pada baju tergantung dengan kejadian chikungunya dan terbukti bahwa keberadaan nyamuk pada baju tergantung mempertinggi risiko sebesar 4,19 kali menyebabkan kejadian chikungunya. Masyarakat diharapkan membudaya kan kegiatan PSN, membuka jendela agar sinar matahari masuk dan tidak menggantung baju bekas pakai, menggunakan kawat kasa pada lubang angin, dan menggunakan obat anti nyamuk pencegah kontak dengan nyamuk vektor.


Keywords


Chikungunya, Risk Factor, Outbreak, Chikungunya, Faktor Risiko, Kejadian Luar Biasa

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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