SPOT SURVEY RESERVOIR LEPTOSPIROSIS DI BEBERAPA KABUPATEN KOTA DI JAWA TENGAH

Sri Wahyuni, Yuliadi Yuliadi

SPOT SURVEY RESERVOIR LEPTOSPIROSIS DI BEBERAPA KABUPATEN KOTA DI JAWA TENGAH

Abstract


Leptospirosis is currently a public health problem in Central Java especially in Demak district,
Klaten, Pati and Semarang city. Spot survey aims to find out the type mice reservoir was conducted in
May-August2010. Surveymethodsbycollectiontypes ofrat andexaminationofbloodserumofrats.
Thesurvey showedthat roofrat (Rattus tanezumi) dominatethe habitathousesin KlatenDistrict
(88%) Pati (76%) and Semarang City (50%). Brown rat R. norvegicus was found in Demak regency
(15%) and Semarang City (16%). Polinesian rat R. exulans is found only in the cityofSemarang (1).
Othersmall mammalspecies found in habitats serind homeis homececurut Suncusmurinus.In
Demak regency (12), Pati (5) Klaten Regency (3) and in Semarang (7). Leptotek Lateralflow
examination indicated that theroofrat R. tanezumi seropositivity against leptospira antibody that is in
Demak District (2), Klaten (1), Pati (1) and Semarang City (1). Likewise, brown rat R. norvegicus
were found in Demak district (1) seropositivity againstbacterialeptospira antibodies. Roofrat R.
tanezumi and Brown rat R. norvegicus potentialas reservoirs ofleptospirosis in Central Java
Province.
Keywords: leptospirosis, rat, reservoir, Jawa Tengah
ABSTRAK
Leptospirosis saat ini menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat Di Jawa Tengah terutama di Kabupaten
Demak, Klaten, Pati dan Kota Semarang.Spot surveybertujuan mengetahuijenistikus reservoir telah
dilakukan pada bulan Mei -Agustus2010.Metode survei dengan cara koleksi jenis tikus dan
pemeriksaan serum darah tikus. Hasil survei menunjukkanbahwaTikus rumahRattustanezumi
mendominasihabitat rumah di Kabupaten Klaten (88%) Pati (76%) dan Kota semarang (50% ekor).
Tikus gotR.norvegicusditemukan di Kabupaten Demak(15%ekor) dan Kota Semarang (16% ekor)
sedang tikus kebunR. exulanshanyaditemukandi KotaSemarang(1 ekor). Jenis mamaliakecil lain
yang sering ditemukan di habitat rumah adalah cecurut rumahSuncusmurinus.Di Kabupaten Demak
(12 ekor), Kabupaten Pati (5 ekor) Kabupaten Klaten (3 ekor) dan di Kota Semarang (7 ekor).
Pemeriksaan Leptoteklateralflow mengindikasikanbahwa tikus rumahR. tanezumi seropositif
terhadap antibodi leptospira yaitu di Kabupaten Demak (2 ekor), Klaten (1 ekor), Pati (1 ekor) dan
Kota Semarang (1 ekor). Demikian juga tikus gotR.norvegicusdi temukan di Kabupaten Demak (1ekor) seropositif terhadap antibodi bakteri leptospira. Tikus rumahR. tanezumi dan tikus gotR.
norvegicusberpotensi sebagai reservoir leptospirosis di Propinsi Jawa Tengah.
Katakunci:leptospirosis, tikus,reservoir, Jawa Tengah

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