PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU IBU RUMAH TANGGA DALAM PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN KUTOWINANGUN, SALATIGA

Aryani Pujiyanti, Wiwik Trapsilowati

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU IBU RUMAH TANGGA DALAM PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN KUTOWINANGUN, SALATIGA

Abstract


Dengue hemorrhagic Fever was an emerging disease that was still a problem in public health.
The successful of DHF prevention in family was depend on housewivesbeliefin controlling
mosquito breeding sites around the house(PSN). The objectiveofthis study was to describe
knowledge, attitude and behavior toward DHF on housewives, for choosing the right health
promotionmethod.
This was a quantitative study with cross sectional design,conducted in KutowinangunSub
District, Salatiga, Central Java. Subjects selected by simple random sampling. The data
collectionwascarryingbyinterviewandobservation.
Result showed the correlation between knowledge, attitude and behaviorofrespondent was no
significant(p>0,05),but there were significancecorrelationbetween demographiccharacteristics
ofrespondent (education levels and age) and DHF knowledge. Health promotion program that
couldbesuggestedwasfocusing vectoridentification andvectorcontrolinside andoutsidethe
house.
Keywords:knowledge,attitude,behavior,DHF,housewives
ABSTRAK
Demamberdarahdengue(DBD) merupakan salah satu penyakitmenular yangmasihmenjadi
masalah kesehatan masyarakat. Keberhasilanpencegahan DBD di keluarga tergantung dari
pemahaman ibu terhadap upaya pelaksanaan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN) di
lingkungan rumah tangga. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikanpengetahuan,
sikap dan perilaku (PSP) ibu rumah tangga tentang DBD dan pencegahannyauntuk memilih
metodepromosikesehatanyangtepat di dalam pencegahanDBD.
Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian kuantitatifdengan rancangan cross sectional. Penelitian
dilakukan di Kelurahan Kutowinangun, Kota Salatiga, Jawa Tengah. Pengambilan sampel
dengan carasimplerandomsampling. Metodepengambilandata dilakukan denganwawancara
danobservasi.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan
observasi lingkungan dengan perilaku pencegahan DBD,namunada hubungan yang signifikan
antara pengetahuan dengan tingkat pendidikan dan kelompok umur responden. Program promosi
kesehatan yang disarankan dapat difokuskan pada kegiatan pengenalan vektor dan upaya
pengendalianbaik di dalammaupundi luarlingkunganrumah.
Katakunci:pengetahuan, sikap,perilaku,DBD,iburumahtangga.

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

The journal was established in 2009 while online publication has been started from 2015. The journal is published in Bahasa Indonesia and English.  Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and online pharmacy journal. Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia aims to serve the updated scientific knowledge for researchers in pharmaceutical fields. There is no charge for submitted manuscript as well as for processing manuscript. The journal has been registered with e-ISSN 2354-8770, and p-ISSN 2085-675X and accredited by Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) with Decree No. 581/Akred/P2MI/LIPI/09/2014.

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