EFEKTIVITAS LARVASIDA INSECT GROWTH REGULATOR (IGR) BERBAH ANAK TIFPYRIPROXIFEN 0.5%, TERHADAP JENTIK NYAMUK VEKTOR MALARIA Anophelesaconitus KONDISI LABORATORIUM

Damar Tri Boewono, Lulus Susanti, Hasan Boesri

EFEKTIVITAS LARVASIDA INSECT GROWTH REGULATOR (IGR) BERBAH ANAK TIFPYRIPROXIFEN 0.5%, TERHADAP JENTIK NYAMUK VEKTOR MALARIA Anophelesaconitus KONDISI LABORATORIUM

Abstract


A Study of the larvacide efficacy of Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) with the, active ingredient
pyriproxifen 0.5%, has been conducted in the laboratory of the Institute for Vector andReservoir
Control Research and Development, Salatiga City, Central Java Province. The study was caried out
on December 2009, performed as laboratory scale trial using plastic trays (20x30 cm). Each tray
contains5liters ofwateraddedwithpyriproxifenconcentration2g/m3. Atotal 25earlythird instar
larvae ofmalaria vector An.aconituswere placed in each treated tray (10 replicates) as wellas
untreated trays as the control (5 replicates). The larvae mortality was daily counted and recorded. The
aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of IGRlarvicide (a.i. pyriproxifen0,5%, granule
formulation), against malaria vector larvaeAn.aconitusin the laboratorycondition. The result was
revealed that IGR(pyriproxifen0,5%) was effective caused100%emergenceinhibition and made 13
days longer viability ofAn.aconitus in immature stagesdevelopment long life of An.aconitus
immature stagesdevelopment.Some larvae were found growing to be adult with various defected due
touncompletedmetamorphosis,such as their smallwings and legs are attached to pupal skin

KeyWords: Larvacide,Larvae,Anophelesaconitus
ABSTRAK
Sebuah Studi tentang kemanjuran larvasida dari Serangga Pertumbuhan Regulator (IGR) dengan,
bahanpyriproxifenaktif0,5%),telahdilakukandilaboratorium InstitutVector danReservoirControl
Penelitian danPengembangan,KotaSalatiga,JawaTengah.Penelitian ini caried keluar padabulan
Desember2009, dilakukan sebagai uji cobaskalalaboratorium dengan menggunakannampanplastik
(20x30 cm). Setiap baki berisi 5 liter airditambahdengankonsentrasipyriproxifen2g/m3.Sebuah 25
total awalinstar ketiga dari vektor malaria An. aconitus ditempatkan di setiap baki diperlakukan(10
ulangan)serta baki tidakdiobatisebagai kontrol(5ulangan).Mortalitaslarvadihitungdan dicatat
setiap hari.Tujuanpenelitianini adalahuntukmengevaluasiefikasilarvasida IGR (aipyriproxifen
0,5%,formulasi granula), terhadap vektor malaria larva An. aconitus pada kondisilaboratorium.
Hasilnyaterungkap bahwa IGR(pyriproxifen 0,5%) adalah efektif disebabkanpenghambatan100%
kemunculandan membuatkelangsunganhidup 13 harilagiAn. aconitusdalampembangunantahap
kehidupanbelummenghasilkanpanjangAn.aconitus dewasatahap pembangunan.Beberapalarva
ditemukantumbuh menjadidewasadenganberbagaimembelotkarenametamorfosisbelumselesai,
seperti sayapkecilmerekadan kaki melekatpadakulitkepompong.
KataKunci:Larvasida,Larva,Anohelesaconitus


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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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