RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE OF VECTOR WITH HOUSEHOLD INSECTICIDE USAGE BEHAVIOR IN DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER ENDEMIC AREAS IN BALI PROVINCE

Diana Andriyani Pratamawati, Anggi Septia Irawan, Widiarti Widiarti

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE OF VECTOR WITH HOUSEHOLD INSECTICIDE USAGE BEHAVIOR IN DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER ENDEMIC AREAS IN BALI PROVINCE

Abstract


Bali Province has a case fatality rate (CFR) of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) 56.16 per
100,000 populations in 2011. Data of Riskesdas 2010 showed that anti mosquito (household
insecticides) was the most widely used by people to prevent vector borne diseases. This study
aimed to describe behavior by using household insecticides to prevent DHF and determine
whether this behavior was based on dengue vector knowledge. This research was a descriptive
study using survey methods. Unit analysis was households in DHF endemic area in Denpasar
City, Gianyar and Badung Regency which had highest dengue cases until August 2011. Results
showed that 54.5% of the 88 respondents has high level in dengue vector knowledge. Most
respondents (59.1%) has good category in household insecticide usage behavior. Kendall tau
correlation test (t) showed no significant relation between knowledge of dengue vectors with
household insecticide usage behavior for dengue vector control (t = 0,076, p value= 0,479).
Keywords: Knowledge, Vector, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Household
Insecticides

 

Provinsi Bali memiliki case fatality rate (CFR) Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) 56,16 per
100.000 penduduk pada tahun 2011. Data Riskesdas 2010 menunjukkan bahwa obat anti
nyamuk (insektisida rumah tangga) merupakan cara yang paling banyak digunakan oleh
masyarakat untuk mencegah penyakit tular vektor. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan
perilaku dalam menggunakan insektisida rumah tangga untuk mencegah DBDserta mengetahui
apakah perilaku ini didasari oleh pengetahuanmengenai vektor DBD. Penelitian ini merupakan
studi deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode survei. Unit analisis adalah rumah tangga di
daerah endemis DBD di Kota Denpasar, Kabupaten Gianyar, dan Kabupaten Badung yang
memiliki kasus DBD tertinggi hingga bulan Agustus tahun 2011. Hasil penelitian
menunjukkan bahwa 54,5% dari 88 responden memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang tinggi
tentang vektor DBD. Sebagian besar responden (59,1%) memiliki perilaku penggunaan
insektisida rumah tangga DBD dalam kategori baik. Uji korelasi Kendall tau (t) menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pengetahuan vektor DBD dengan perilaku
penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga dalam mengendalikan vektor DBD (/ =0,076, p value =
0,479).
Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan, Vektor, Demam Berdarah Dengue, Insektisida
Rumah Tangga


Keywords


Pengetahuan, Vektor, Demam Berdarah Dengue, Insektisida Rumah Tangga

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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