A DYNAMIC STUDY OF MOSQUITOES POPULATION THAT SUSPECTED AS VECTOR IN ROWOKELE DISTRICT, KEBUMEN REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA

Dhian Prastowo, Yusnita Mima Anggraini

A DYNAMIC STUDY OF MOSQUITOES POPULATION THAT SUSPECTED AS VECTOR IN ROWOKELE DISTRICT, KEBUMEN REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA

Abstract


Mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, lymphatic filariasis, chikungunya still a
problem in indonesia. Data on mosquito vector-borne diseases is needed in the control of
mosquito-borne disease vectors. The purpose of this study was to identify the dynamics of
population vector mosquito and habitats around in the Rowokele SubDistrict Kebumen Regency
Central Java Province. This research is a descriptive exploratory study. Design of this study used
a design method of spot surveys. Found 13 species of mosquitoes in the study site Wagirpandan
sub Desa Rowokele Kebumen the Anopheles aconitus. An. annularis. An. barbirostris. An.
balabacensis. An. kochi. An. maculates. An. vagus, Aedes albopictus, Ae. poecillius, Culex
vishnui, Cx. quinquifasciatus, Armigeres kuchingensis and Ar. subalbatus. An. aconitus. An.
barbirostris. An. balabacensis. An. maculatus and An. vagus have been confirmed as vectors of
malaria. High blood sucking activity at night at around 18:00 to 2:00 with the highest density at
20.00-21.00 hrs. Breeding sites of mosquito larvae found in ground pool, around streams and
around rice fields. It was also found around the springs to life people activities. The
environmental factors of temperature, humidity and rainfall and vegetation to support the
existence of mosquito vector breeding habitats of mosquitoes at the areas.
Keywords: Dinamics of Population, Vector, Rowokele

 

Penyakit vektor seperti malaria, demam berdarah, limfatik filariasis, chikungunya masih
menjadi masalah di Indonesia. Data tentang nyamuk vektor penular penyakit sangat diperlukan
dalam pengendalian penyakit yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk vektor. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah
untuk mengidentifikasi dinamika populasi fauna nyamuk yang diduga vektor dan habitat
lingkungan di Kecamatan Rowokele Kabupaten Kebumen Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jenis
penelitian ini adalah deskriptif eksploratif. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan metode
spot survci. Ditemukan 13 spesies nyamuk di lokasi penelitian Desa Wagirpandan Kecamatan
Rowokele Kabupaten Kebumen yaitu Anopheles aconitus, An. annularis, An. barbirostris, An.
balabacensis, An. kochi, An. maculatus, An. vagus, Aedes albopictus, Ae. poecillius, Cx. vishnui Cx. quinquifasciatus, Armigeres kuchingensis dan Ar. subalbatus. An. aconitus, An. barbirostris,
An. balabacensis, An. maculatus dan An. vagus pernah dikonfirmasi sebagai vektor malaria.
Aktivitas menghisap darah yang tinggi pada malam hari sekitar pukul 18.00 - 02.00 dengan
kepadatan tertinggi pada pukul 20.00-21.00 WIB. Tempat pcrkembangbiakan larva nyamuk
ditcmukan di genangan-genangan air pada kobakan-kobakan di sekitar aliran sungai yang
mcngering dan di sekitar persawahan. Ditemukan juga di sekitar sumber mata air penduduk.
Faktor lingkungan suhu, kelcmbaban dan curah hujan serta vegetasi mendukung terhadap habitat
pcrkembangbiakan kebcradaan nyamuk yang diduga vektor di lokasi penelitian.
Kata Kunci: Dinamika Populasi, Vektor, Rowokele


Keywords


Dinamika Populasi, Vektor, Rowokele

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

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