SURVEI DEMOGRAFI DAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DI DAERAH KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DESA SUMBERSARI KECAMATAN MOYUDAN KABUPATEN SLEMAN D.I. YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2010

Muhidin Muhidin, Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

SURVEI DEMOGRAFI DAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DI DAERAH KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DESA SUMBERSARI KECAMATAN MOYUDAN KABUPATEN SLEMAN D.I. YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2010

Abstract


Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, caused by the leptospira bacteria. Leptospirosis at
Sumbersari Village Moyudan, Subdistrict Sleman District was the highest case in the D.I.
Yogyakarta Province with CFR = 16.6% in 2009. The purpose study is to describe an individual
characteristic and condition of urban environmental leptospirosis case area. It was explorative
descriptive research with cross sectional approach. Population of this study is houses in the
leptospirosis case area. Ninety houses were chosen, using simple random sampling. This study
showed the proportion of leptospirosis in farmer was 4.4 %, proportion on sex male was 6,6 %,
proportion on group 40 - 59 years old was 6.6 %, basic education level was 4.4 %. There was a
statistically significant correlation between the water storage with the incidence of leptospirosis (p=
0.034); the environtmental conditions around of the leptospirosis case with water temperature were
between 20 - 25 °C, pH range 6.4 - 7.4, soil pH range 6.8 - 7.2; The conclusion of this study are:
Farmer and the house with no water storage is at risk for leptospirosis,
Key words: leptospirosis, zoonosis, prevalensi.

 

Leptospirosis merupakan penyakit zoonosis, yang diakibatkan oleh bakteri leptospira
Kejadian leptospirosis di Desa Sumbersari, Kecamatan Moyudan merupakan yang tertinggi di
Provinsi D.I. Yogyakarta dengan CFR= 16,6% pada tahun 2009. Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk
mendeskripsikan karakteristik individu dan kondisi lingkungan rumah di daerah kasus leptospirosis.
Metode penelitian menggunakan jenis ekspoloratif deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional.
Populasi dalam penelitian adalah rumah tangga di daerah kasus leptospirosis. Jumlah sampel
sebanyak 90 kepala keluarga ,ditentukan dengan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian
menunjukkan proporsi kasus leptospirosis pada kelompok pekerjaan (petani) 4,4%. Pada kelompok
dengan jenis kelamin laki-laki 6,6%. Pada kelompok golongan umur 40 - 59 tahun 6,6% dan pada
tingkat pendidikan dasar 4,4 %. Ada hubungan yang bermakna secara statistik antara rumah yang
tidak memiliki tempat menyimpan sarana air bersih dengan kejadian leptospirosis (p= 0,034).
Kondisi pH air 6,4 - 7,4 dan suhu air 20 - 25 °C dengan pH tanah 6,8 - 7,2. Kesimpulan penelitian:
Pekerjaan sebagai petani dan kondisi rumah yang tidak memiliki tempat menyimpan sarana air
bersih berisiko tertular leptospirosis.
Kata kunci: leptospirosis, zoonosis, prevalensi.


Keywords


leptospirosis, zoonosis, prevalensi.

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