DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD INSECTICIDE IN COMMUNITY

Aram Sih Joharina, Siti Alfiah

DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD INSECTICIDE IN COMMUNITY

Abstract


The most popular and effective vector control is the use of insecticides. Survey
was done in the houses and some supermarket to know many kind of insecticides used
by people. The formulation, active ingredients, and concentration were recorded and
analyzed. Based on the results of the survey, household insecticides formulated in
various formulations such as liquid, mosquito coils, aerosol, mat and liquid vaporizer,
chalk and paper burn. In addition to formulation, active ingredients and concentration
also vary. Almost all household insecticide products on the market using the synthetic
pyrethroid. Selection of household insecticides should be adapted to the type of insect
pests because each type of active ingredients and formulations have advantages and
disadvantages. Efficacy of various active ingredients in various formulations has been
studied and the results vary widely. Insecticide efficacy is influenced by the type of
active ingredient, dosage, concentration, formulation, and the susceptibility of insect
species, temperature, sunlight, wind, and application method.
Key word: household insecticide, insecticides formulation, active ingredients
ABSTRAK
Pengendalian serangga vektor penyakit yang paling efektif dan populer adalah
penggunaan insektisida. Survei dilakukan di masyarakat dan supermarket untuk mengetahui
jcnis-jenis insektisida yang digunakan oleh masyarakat. Berdasarkan hasil survei, insektisida
rumah tangga terkemas dalam berbagai formulasi antara lain liquid, mosquito coil, aerosol, mat
& liquid vaporizer, kapur serangga dan kertas bakar. Disamping formulasi, bahan aktif dan
konsentrasi yang digunakan juga bermacam-macam. Hampir semua produk insektisida rumah
tangga di pasaran menggunakan bahan aktif golongan piretroid sintetik. Pemilihan insektisida
rumah tangga hendaknya disesuaikan dengan jenis serangga sasaran karena tiap jenis bahan aktif
dan formulasi memiliki kelcbihan dan kekurangan. Efikasi berbagai bahan aktif dalam berbagai
formulasi telah banyak diteliti dan hasilnya sangat bervariasi. Efikasi insektisida dipengaruhi
oleh jenis bahan aktif, dosis, konsentrasi, formulasi, dan kepekaan spesies serangga, suhu, sinar
matahari, angin, serta cara pengaplikasian.
Kata kunci: insektisida rumah tangga, formulasi insektisida, bahan aktif

Keywords


insektisida rumah tangga, formulasi insektisida, bahan aktif

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P-ISSN : 2085-868X

EISSN  : 2354 - 8789

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia


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p-ISSN: 2085-675X

e-ISSN: 2354-8770

Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

The journal was established in 2009 while online publication has been started from 2015. The journal is published in Bahasa Indonesia and English.  Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and online pharmacy journal. Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia aims to serve the updated scientific knowledge for researchers in pharmaceutical fields. There is no charge for submitted manuscript as well as for processing manuscript. The journal has been registered with e-ISSN 2354-8770, and p-ISSN 2085-675X and accredited by Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) with Decree No. 581/Akred/P2MI/LIPI/09/2014.

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