VECTOR RESISTANCE STATUS OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (Aedes aegypti) IN THE SIDOREJO DISTRICT SALATIGA CITY AGAINST TEMEPHOS (ORGANOPHOSPHATES)

Ary Oktsari Yanti S, Damar Tri Boewono, Retno Hestiningsih

VECTOR RESISTANCE STATUS OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (Aedes aegypti) IN THE SIDOREJO DISTRICT SALATIGA CITY AGAINST TEMEPHOS (ORGANOPHOSPHATES)

Abstract


One of the efforts to control the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is contrled the
dengue vector larvae using larvasida. The most widely larvasida used to control larvae Ae.
aegypti is temephos. In Indonesia 1% temephos (abate 1SG) has been used since 1976, and since
1980 has been used for the eradication program ofAe. aegypti larvae. The purpose of this study
is to determine the resistance status of vectors of dengue hemorrhagic fever (Ae. aegypti) of
endemic, sporadic, and potentially in Sub District Sidorejo Salatiga City to temephos
(organofosfat). This research was conducted using experimental research design (True
Experiment), posttcst design with control groups (posttest-only Control Group Design). The
population of the research were larvae of Ae. aegypti collected from the study area. Samples test
larvae were used of Ae. aegypti third and early fourth instars larvae which were maintenance of
the first generation. The result showed that the mortality percentages of Ae. aegypti larvae
of endemic, sporadic and potential administratives against temephos using WHO standard
concentration (0,625; 0,125; 0,025 mg/1) indicates the mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae by 100%
Based on the status resistance criteria, Ae. aegypti larvae from endemic, sporadic, and potential
administratives of Sidorejo Sub-District, Salatiga City is still susceptible to temephos.
Keywords : Status of resistance, Aedes aegypti. Temephos

Salah satu upaya menurunkan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) adalah melalui
pengcndalian jentik vektor DBD dengan larvasida. Larvasida yang digunakan untuk
mengcndalikan jentik Ae. aegypti adalah temephos. Temephos 1% (abate ISG) sudah program
di Indonesia sejak 1976, scjak 1980 telah digunakan secara massal untuk program
pemberantasan jentik Ae. aegypti. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status resistensi
vektor demam berdarah dengue Ae. aegypti di kclurahan endemis, sporadis, dan potensial
Kecamatan Sidorejo Kota Salatiga terhadap temephos (organofosfat). Penelitian ini termasuk
penelitian eksperimen murni (True Experiment) dengan rancangan postcs dengan kelompok
kontrol (Postest Only Control Group Design) dengan sampel penelitian jentik Ae. aegypti instar
III dan awal instar IV hasil pemeliharaan jentik generasi pertama dari jentik hasil survei. Hasil
penelitian menunjukkan persentase kematian jentik Ae. aegypti dari kelurahan endemis,
kelurahan sporadis dan kclurahan potensial terhadap Temephos dengan menggunakan
konsentrasi standar dari WHO yaitu 0,0625; 0,125; 0,025 mg/1 menunjukkan kematian jentik Ae.
aegypti sebesar 100%. Berdasarkan kriteria status resistensi, jentik Ae. aegypti dari kelurahan
endemis, kelurahan sporadis dan kelurahan potensial Kecamatan Sidorejo Kota Salatiga masih
rentan terhadap temephos.
Kata Kunci : Status resistensi. Aedes aegypti. Temephos

Keywords


Status resistensi. Aedes aegypti. Temephos

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