Hubungan Antara Faktor Penularan dengan Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue (Analisis Lanjut Data Riskesdas 2007 di Jawa Barat)

Lukman Hakim

Hubungan Antara Faktor Penularan dengan Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue (Analisis Lanjut Data Riskesdas 2007 di Jawa Barat)

Abstract


Control of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) has not succeed yet in reducing the cases significantly, although the mortality rate can be reduced. The factors associated with the incidence of DHF has not been known, its lead the control was conducted by the case. This study aimed to obtain information about the variables associated with the case of DHF by conducting further analysis on Riskesdas 2007 data from Cimahi, Bandung, Sukabumi, Cirebon, Depok, Bogor, Bogor regency, Indramayu, Bandung and Bekasi (overall were 10 districts/cities).

Independent variables i.e. the number of occupants of the house, water supply all of the year, the presence of water container, nutritional status, measles cases, and pulmonary tuberculosis cases, its have been associated with the dependent variable of DHF cases. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed on the data Riskesdas 2007 over all locations.

Number of samples analyzed was 29 377 people, consisting of 48.58% men and 51.42% women, mostly from Bogor Regency (15.64%) and the least amount from Sukabumi (5.90%). Results of bivariate analysis showed that variable pulmonary tuberculosis cases, measles cases,  variable number of occupants of the house, and nutritional status were significantly  corelated  to  the  incidence of  DHF,  so  likely  to  be  risk  factors  of  DHF. Multivariate analysis showed that there were no interaction between independent variables in relation to cases of DHF. Analysis on each district showed that the interaction between variables were occured in Bandung district and Bogor city. Estimation of DHF cases can be calculated based on the variable of pulmonary tuberculosis cases, measles cases and nutritional status.


Keywords


Risk factors for DHF cases; measles cases; c pulmonary tuberculosis cases; nutritional status; Riskesdas 2007; West Java

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