Bio-ekologi Vektor Malaria di Kecamatan Galang Kota Batam Provinsi Kepulauan Riau

Muhammad Hasyimi

Bio-ekologi Vektor Malaria di Kecamatan Galang Kota Batam Provinsi Kepulauan Riau

Abstract


Galang as one of the 12 sub districts in the Batam city,  still has the problem of malaria, it has a unique topography because it consists of several islands, coastal areas and population distribution concentrated on certain islands. Other,   Galang   has annual parasite index (API) 43.3 ‰ in 2006. The number of malaria cases in Galang showed an increase from 788  in 2006 to 2447 in 2007. For supporting malaria control programs in the Galang district, then conducted a study with the aim to understand the bio-ecology malaria vector. The Objective of study  to understand the bio-ecology malaria vector at Galang district.The study was conducted in 2008, by identification of vector breeding habitat, vector incrimination and collections of the adult Anopheles by catching the bait human body methods. The results showed that in the district of Galang were found breeding places of Anopheles that the highest  Anopheles larvaes per dip concentration was among fishpond and followed by drainages. Anopheles species was caught are four i.e. An. vagus, An. karwari, An. letifer   dan An. sundaicus. In term of time of   Anopheles sundaicus bites, the most common mosquitoes biting occurred 0-1 AM and 4-5 AM. On the other hand the scarce time biting was 6-8 PM. At 4-5 AM which workers started to do the activity and an average of 29% parity. So in the District Galang still potentially occur and outbreaks of malaria transmission. Advised eradicating larvae with insecticides and specialty care residents in P. Karas need to set up health care clinics and can utilize the RDT as a tool in case finding.

Keywords


Bio-ecology, Malaria vector, Galang subdistrict

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