Prevalensi dan Pengetahuan, Sikap, Perilaku Masyarakat terhadap Filariasis di Wilayah Kabupaten Morowali, Propinsi Sulawesi Tengah 2009

Made Agus Nurjana

Prevalensi dan Pengetahuan, Sikap, Perilaku Masyarakat terhadap Filariasis di Wilayah Kabupaten Morowali, Propinsi Sulawesi Tengah 2009

Abstract


Filariasis is still a health problem in Morowali District. In 2008 reported 18 cases of chronic health centers spread in 5 who had never don ea mass treatment. This research was conducted to determine the situation and the knowledge, attitude and behaviour community on filariasis.

Research conducted in the Village Mohoni and Keuno, District Petasia, starting from the month of August to December 2009, with cross-sectional design. Data situations /events filariasis survey obtained through finger blood in two villages (288 people), but is willing to take blood only 161 people (55.90%) and only two positive people infected with Brugia malayi (mf-rate 1 ,24%) with the density of microfilaria in each patient was 4 mf/20µl and I mf/20 µl of blood, which comes from the village of Mohoni.The results of blood tests three chronic sufferers at chronic 15 cases showed that there were no microfilarias in the blood.

While activity with a questionnaire structured interviews conducted in two villages (210people) to assess local knowledge, attitude and behaviour against filariasis, but the willing in the interview only 174 people(52.56%) and the results showed that the bulk of respondents (51.7%) educated under the elementary and his living as farmers (64.9%),low knowledge respondents (50.6%) does not know / have heard of filariasis, 86% who do not know the symptoms and no one knows the cause is a worm filaria. Only 16.3% respondents who mentioned this disease is not contagious.

Attitude of most people (51.7%) agreed to avoid the bite of a mosquito bite by being in the house or out of the house by using a shirt and trousers. However, interview results showed the opposite behavior, where 58.5% like to go out at night (get-togethers with neighbors, watching television).

Regional research is endemic areas (mf-rate 1.24%) to be considered to be a mass treatment. The attitude of the respondents had a positive enough but not followed by,  filariasis  same positive behavior; so that continuous extension activities to increase public knowledge, attitude and behaviour at Morowali district needs to do to get community participation.

Similarly, to obtain more complete data and ensure necessary microfilariant numbers cooperation with various parties and futher research with larger samples, a more comprehensive study covering vector, periodicity and the possibility of a reservoir host for tackling filariasis in the area.


Keywords


Prevalence; Knowledge; Attitude; Behavior Filariasis

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