Hubungan Kepadatan Penghuni Rumah, Keberadaan Larva Nyamuk dan Lingkungan Abiotik dengan Status Penularan Virus Dengue

Lukman Hakim

Hubungan Kepadatan Penghuni Rumah, Keberadaan Larva Nyamuk dan Lingkungan Abiotik dengan Status Penularan Virus Dengue


Transmission of dengue virus is more prevalent in the home, so that the home environmental affects the morbidity of dengue hemorrhagic fever, although still dependent on other factors. This study aims to determine the relationship of the household density, abiotic environment and the presence of larvae of house mosquito Aedes spp against dengue virus infection. The study was conducted in Cirebon regency with cross sectional design. Respondents were asked the wide of house and number of occupants, then calculated the house density. Subsequently measured lighting, temperature and humidity inside the house and observed the presence of water containers are not covered as well as the presence of mosquito larvae of Aedes spp. The number of respondents was 200 persons consisting of 86 men ans 114 women. Known, respondents with not normal nutritional status is 68 respondents (34%) and normal categories was 132 (66%); in age group <5 years in 193 respondents (96,50%) and 161 respondents (80,50%) is negatif. Bivariate analysis showed the nutritional status and age groups are each associated with dengue virus infection status, the most influential is the age group. In addition, it was examined the blood samples using a rapid diagnostic test to find out the status of dengue virus transmission. The resulting data, analysed to determine the relationship between the independent variables with the dependent variable. It was concluded, the density of the household, home lighting, and humidity shown to be associated with dengue virus infection status. Dense homes and homes with optimal light for the development of Aedes spp is a risk factor for the occurrence of dengue virus infection.


dengue hemorrhagic fever, the density of household, abiotic environment of houses, infectious dengue virus


Weissenbock T, Noowotny H, HubalekZ, BakonYi K. Zoonotic Mosquito-borne Flaviviruses: Worldwide Presence of Agent with Proven Pathogenesis and Potential candidates of Future Emerging Diseases. Vet. Microbiol' 2010;Vol140:271-280

Kalayanarooj J. NimmannitYa S. Guidelines for diagnosis and management of dengue infection. Bangkok: Ministry of Public Health Thailand; 2003.

Malavinge G, Fernando S, Senevirante S. Dengue Viral Infection Postgraduale Medical Journal. 2004;Vol 80:P.588-601

Kusriastuti R. Kebijaksanaan Penanggulangan Demam Berdarah Dengue Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Depkes R.I; 2005.

Kusriastuti R. Data Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue di lndonesia

dan Tahun 2008. Jakarta: Ditjen PP & PL Depkes RI: 2010.

Lestari K. EPidemiologi Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue

(DBD) Di Indonesia. Farmakn. 2007; Vol. 5 No. 3: hal. t2-29.

Soegijanto S, Sustini F, Wirahjanto A. Epidemiologi Demam Berdarah dengue. Edisi 2. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press; 2006.

Lubis I. Peranan Nyamuk Aedes dan Babi Dalam Penyebaran DHF dan JE di Indonesia. Cermin Dunia Kedoheran 1990; Vol. 60.

Canyon D. Advances in Aedes aegtpti Biodynamis and Vector Capacity: Tropical Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Unit, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University; 2000.

Kristina, Ismaniah, Wulandari L. Kajian Masalah Kesehatan: Demam Berdarah Dengue. In: Balitbangkes, editor.: Tri Djoko Wahono. 2004.,hal I-9.

Soegijanto S. Aspek Imunologi Penyakit Demam Berdarah, dalam Demam Berdarah Dengue Edisi 2. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press. Hal 4l-59.; 2006.

Hadinegoro, Rezeki S, Soegianto S , Soeroso I Waryadi S. Tata Laksana Demam Berdarah Dengue di Indonesia. Jakarta: Ditjen PPM&PL Depkes&Kesos R.I; 2001.

Recker M, Blyuss KB, Simmons CP, et al. Immunological Serotype Interactions and Their Effect on The Epidemiological Pattern of Dengue. Proc. R. Soc. 8.2009;Vol. 276:25412548.

Hakim L. Superiyatna H. Analisa Situasi Kesakitan Demam Berdarah Dengue Kabupaten Cirebon Periode Tahun 2006-2008. Aspirator. 2009;Vol. I No. 2:63-72.

Res RN. Epidemiologi Virus Dengue di Provinsi jawa Barat Tahun 2008 (Tahap Penapisan Untuk Uji Serotipe Virus). Laporan Penelitian: Loka Litbang P2B2 Ciamis; 2009.

Dinas PU. Pedoman Umum Rumah Sederhana Sehat. Jakarta: Departemen Pekerjaan Umum RI; 2006.

Riyanto A. Penerapan Analisis Multivariat Dalam Penelitian Kesehatan. Bandung: Niftra Media Press; 2009.

Gubler DJ. Epidemic Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever as a Public

Health, Sosial and Economic Problem in Tha 21st Century. Trends

Microbiol. 2002; Yol. 10, p.100-113.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Vektor Penyakit (p-issn: 1978-3647, e-issn: 2354-8835) is published by Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Donggala.


View My Stats
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International LicenseArticles in the Jurnal Vektor Penyakit are Open Access articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license (CC BY-SA 4.0). These license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and initial publication in this journal. In addition to that, users must provide a link to the license, indicate if changes are made and distribute using the same license as original if the original content has been remixed, transformed or built upon.