Tingkat Kematian Larva Aedes aegypti dan Aedes albopictus Terhadap Penggunaan Abate Dengan Metode Berbeda

Samarang Samarang, Yuyun Srikandi, Siti Rahma, Sutrisno Sutrisno

Tingkat Kematian Larva Aedes aegypti dan Aedes albopictus Terhadap Penggunaan Abate Dengan Metode Berbeda


Nowadays, Dengue Haemorhagic Fever (Indonesian called DBD) is still problem of a public health in the Palu city. Eradication efforts that have been done routinely in the area, particularly vector eradication using chemical insecticides, one of them is conducted through abatesasi by using 1% of temephos granules for larvasida, with an applicable range of 0.01 mg / l for 8-12 weeks in the place water reservoirs, potentially as a breeding place of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Nevertheless, the obtained results were not in line with proposed expectation. This study applied experimental method by looking at mortality reduction in larvae populations of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti at the abate application of both sow and wrap with five dose levels. It showed that the ability of'Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae to survive on the application of a sow abate was < I 2 hours, while in the appticatioi of  a wrap abate of ones can survive <24 hours. Abate application with five dose levels showed no significant difference to kill the larvae mosquito of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It means the occured death at all used dose level. Abate application of both sow and wrap manner resulted in a significant effect (F = 5.651 P value 0.00 <0.05) where the mortality of larvae in the sow application was more quickly than the wrap application of abate. Therefore, it can be concluded that abate doses diffirence still effectively killed the larvae of Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus, both a sow and a wrap manner.


Abate; larvae; Aedes aegypti; Aedes albopictus


Suroso T. Epidemiological Situation of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever and lts Control in Indonesia. International Seminar on Dengue Fever/ Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, Tropical Diesease Center (TDC). Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia. 1999.

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue http//www. dpd. cdc. gov/dpdx. 2011.

Dirjen P2M &. PLP. Kebijakan Program P2-DBD dan Situasi Terkini DBD Indonesia. Departemen Kesehatan R.I. 2012.

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Palu. Laporan Tahunan Sulawesi Tengah. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Palu. 2011.

Reither P, Nathan MB. Guidelines for Assessing The Efficacy of Insecticidal Space Sprays for Control of The Dengue Vector Aedes aegypti. WHO/ CDS/CPE/PVC/2OO1.

Garjito TA, et al. Status Kerentanan Stadium Larva Dan Dewasa Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) Terhadap Insektisida Konvensional Di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Loka Litbang P2B2 Donggala. (unpublished) 2005.

WHO. Temephos. (Data sheets on Pesticides No.8 Rev.1) VBC/DS/75.S(Rev.1). World Health Org. Geneva. 1915.

Dirjen P2M & PLP. Petunjuk Teknis Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk Demam Berdarah Dengue. Direktorat Jenderal Pemberantasan Penyakit Menular Dan Penyehatan Lingkungan Pemukirnan. Jakarta. 2 - 9. 2000.

Rosmini, Garjito TA, Anastasia H, Labatjo Y, Risti. Aplikasi Temephos Dalam Reservoir Air Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum Terhadap Penurunan Indeks Jentik Ae. Aegypti Di Wilayah Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Jumal Ekologi Kesehatan. 2006 ;Vol 5 (1) :409 -416.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Vektor Penyakit (p-issn: 1978-3647, e-issn: 2354-8835) is published by Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Donggala.


View My Stats
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International LicenseArticles in the Jurnal Vektor Penyakit are Open Access articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license (CC BY-SA 4.0). These license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and initial publication in this journal. In addition to that, users must provide a link to the license, indicate if changes are made and distribute using the same license as original if the original content has been remixed, transformed or built upon.