Gambaran Hasil Spot Survei Nyamuk Anopheles sp. di Tambang Emas Kura-Kura Banian, Kabupaten Kotabaru, Kalimantan Selatan

Liestiana Indriyati, Windy Tri Yuana, Dicky Andiarsa

Abstract


The work area of Banian Health Center in Kotabaru District is an malaria endemic area with reported Annual Parasite Incidence (API) was 241.19‰ in 2014. Most of the malaria cases were from illegal gold mining at Banian Mountain. Malaria vector has a significant role in malaria transmission as well as its control. This study was an observational with a cross-sectional design and analyzed descriptively . The study was carried out from February to March 2015 at Turtle Gold Mining in Banian, BUluh Kuning village, Sungai Durian sub-district, Kotabaru district, South Kalimantan. The all night collection was done by using human landing collection method and collection of pre-adult mosquitoes around the gold mining. The study found a low density of Anopheles maculatus and Anopheles leucosphyrus. It is also foud several habitat of Anopheles sp. such as, unused gold washers, unused drums, and unused plastic containers. The low density of mosquito was caused by high rainfall, inappropriate habitat, low temperature, high humadity, wild vegetation, and air polution.

Keywords


malaria; Anopheles; mosquito collection; gold mining

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