Prevalensi Trichuriasis pada Anak di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Harapan Maju: Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Tanah Bumbu Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan

Budi Hairani, Liestiana Indriyati

Abstract


Trichuriasis is an infectious disease due to nematode Trichuris trichiura. Trichuriasis prevalence is the highest among infectious diseases due to other parasitic worms in Indonesia. Elementary school-age children at high risk of this disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of trichuriasis in children of elementary school age in Tanah Bumbu regency. This research was conducted in 2015 with cross sectional design, using purposive sampling method. A total of 250 children from Harapan Maju Elementary School was selected as samples, their stools were examined with native method (direct). The results showed the parasitic worms were T . trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Enterobius vermicularis. The prevalence of T . trichiura was the highest, as many as 32 children (12.8%) were infected from a total of 250 samples. T . trichiurainfection was found in the form of a single and mixed infection with other parasitic worms. Trichuriasis more commonly found in girls and boys aged 10-12 years. Helminthic treatment needs to be done selectively for infected children using the broad-spectrum drugs. Behavioral and environmental factors of patients with intestinal helminths need to be identified spesificly . Furthermore it would be analyzed to determine the factors involved in the transmission of parasitic diseases. In order to prevent the transmission within the school need the improvements of school infrastructure such as the provision of public hand washing, covered trash bin, paving or cemented for the school yard

Keywords


Trichuriasis; school children; prevalence

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