Daya Tetas dan Perkembangan Larva Aedes aegypti Menjadi Nyamuk Dewasa pada Tiga Jenis Air Sumur Gali dan Air Selokan

yahya yazid mataram, Sulfa Esi Warni

Abstract


Research on Aedes aegypti hatchability and larval development into adult mosquitoes were conducted to compare the egg laying behavior of mosquitoes in different types of water (water from wells, sewage and clean water or distilled water). It also want to campare the durability of the larvae until the adult mosquitoes. This research was conducted on August to October 2012 in Entomology Laboratory Vector Borne Disease Research and Development Baturaja. The study design was a complete randomized design with different type of water as the treatment and used four level and six repetition. The observed variables were color, odor and turbidity of the water. Data analysis was performed by One-Way ANOVA Post Hoc Tests with Least Significant Difference (LSD). The results showed that there was a significant influence on the hatchability and development of Ae. aegypti larvae into the adult stage in regard of the type of water (p<0,05). It can be concluded that Ae. aegypti can grow into adult stage on the outside of clean water media and also on the soil contaminated water.

Penelitian mengenai daya tetas dan perkembangan larva Aedes aegypti menjadi nyamuk dewasa dilakukan untuk membandingkan perilaku bertelur nyamuk Ae. aegypti pada tiga jenis air sumur gali, air selokan, dan air bersih, serta untuk melihat daya tahan Ae. aegypti sampai menjadi nyamuk dewasa. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus hingga Oktober tahun 2012 di Laboratorium Entomologi Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah rancangan acak kelompok, dengan faktor perlakuan adalah air sebagai media bertelur, dengan dan empat taraf enam pengulangan. Variabel yang diamati dibedakan berdasarkan warna, bau dan kekeruhan air. Analisis data dilakukan dengan One-Way ANOVA Post Hoc Tests dengan Least Significant Difference (LSD). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh media air terhadap daya tetas dan perkembangan Ae. aegypti menjadi nyamuk dewasa (p<0,05). Penelitian membuktikan bahwa Ae. aegypti dapat berkembang biak menjadi dewasa di luar media air bersih dan air yang dasarnya mengandung tanah.


Keywords


Daya Tetas Larva, Perilaku Bertelur Aedes aegypti

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