Gambaran Bakteriologis Lalat dan Culicidae (Ordo: Diptera) di Lingkungan Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu

Dicky Andiarsa, Ika Setianingsih, Abdullah Fadilly, Syarif Hidayat

Abstract


Flies (Diptera) are the important vector for food transmitted disease transmitted due to they  spread  from  their  body surfaces to  the  human food mechanically.  Their fully  body surfaces  of  hairs-like  structure  were  good carrier  for  pathogens.  Meanwhile,  the monitoring  and  surveillance  program were  not  held  completely  and  periodicaly.  This survey  aimed  to  identify the  diversity  of  flies  and  bacteriological  information  of  their body surface. The   information  can be discuss for  policy program. The survey was conducted in June 2015, in the area of Zoonoses Research Office of Tanah Bumbu precisely in the staff housing  area.  Flies  trapped  then identified,  dissected and cultured  aseptically  to determined existence of bacteria on the  part of their body.  Result showed that  most of the flies  contained  bacteria  on almost  all of  the  part  of  body  surface.  The sanitation improvement became  meant recomendation  to  control  of  these  flies.

 

Lalat (Diptera) merupakan vektor penting penyakit yang ditularkan melalui makanan karena  mereka  dapat  menyebarkan  penyakit  secara  mekanis  ke makanan  yang dikonsumsi  manusia.  Permukaan  tubuhnya  yang dipenuhi dengan  struktur  seperti rambut halus menjadi media pembawa yang sesuai bagi organisme patogen. Kegiatan monitoring  dan  surveilans  keberadaan lalat masih  kurang,  penelitian  ini  bertujuan untuk  melihat keragaman  lalat dan gambaran  bakteriologis  pada  bagian  tubuh  lalat yang  ditangkap.  Penelitian dilaksanakan  pada  bulan  Juni  2015  di  lingkungan  Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu tepatnya di lingkungan perumahan pegawai Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu. Lalat dan nyamuk ditangkap, diidentifikasi, dibedah, dan dikultur secara aseptis  untuk  menentukan  keberadaan  bakteri  pada  bagian  tubuhnya. Hasil menunjukkan  bahwa  lalat yang  ditemukan  sebagian  besar mengandung bakteri  di hampir semua bagian tubuhnya. Perbaikan sanitasi lingkungan menjadi rekomendasi utama  dalam  pengendalian  serangga  ini.

 

 


Keywords


diptera; foodborne disease; bakteriologis

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