Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Oleh Masyarakat di Sekitar Taman Nasional Meru Betiri

Iis Nur Asyiah, Sulifah Aprilya H, Pujiastuti ., Fitria Ramadhani

Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Oleh Masyarakat di Sekitar Taman Nasional Meru Betiri

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Meru Betiri National Park have important role for the communities around it. Most of the local communities around this park have ability to utilize the plants as medicine that they got from their origin. It was carried out research to examine the use of medicinal plants by people around of Meru Betiri National Park. Methods of re-search conducted by field observations and semi-structured interviews. The results showed that there are 157 species of plants used as traditional medicines, and 68 types of disease are treated using traditional medicine by societies around of park. The medicinal plants may be used single or made potions to treat a specific disease. The table Use Value revealed that Curcuma domectica Val. has a highest percentage (60%), then it is followed by Cur-cuma xanthorhiza L. (51%), Piper bettle L. leaf (48%), and Zingiber officinale Roscoe (45%). Based on informant. Concencus Factor and Use Value, there are 11 species of plants to cure 10 types of disease which are potential to have deeply bioactivity assay.

ABSTRAK

Taman Nasional Meru Betiri mempunyai peranan penting di masyarakat yang hidup disekitarnya. Sebagian besar penduduk lokal tersebut memanfaatkan tumbuhan sebagai tumbuhan obat yang berasal dari Taman Na-sional. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jenis tumbuhan obat yang digunakan oleh penduduk di sekitar Taman Nasional Meru Betiri. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan pengamatan langsung dan wawan-cara semi terstruktur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 157 spesies tumbuhan digunakan sebagai obat tradisional dan 68 jenis penyakit diobati menggunakan obat tradisional tersebut oleh masyarakat sekitar Taman nasional. Tumbuhan obat yang digunakan berupa ramuan tunggal dan ramuan untuk mengobati penyakit spesifik. Nilai Use value menunjukkan bahwa Curcuma domestica Val. mempunyai prosentase tertinggi (60%), Curcuma xanthorhiza L. (51%), daun Piper betle L. (48%), dan Zingiber officinale Roscoe (45%). Berdasarkan Informant Concencus Factor (ICF) terdapat 11 spesies tumbuhan untuk mengobati 10 jenis penyakit yang berpotensi untuk dilakukan uji bioaktivitas lebih mendalam dari masyarakat di sekitar TNMB.


Keywords


Key words: Meru Betiri National Park, medicinal plants, traditional medicine

References


REFERENCES

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Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Journal of  Indonesian Medicinal Plant, p-ISSN : 1979-892X, e-ISSN : 2354-8797) is published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional (B2P2TOOT) Tawangmangu.

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