DETERMINATION OF EUGENOL IN VOLATILE OIL FROM CLOVE LEAF AND FLOWER (Eugenia aromatica OK) BY TLC-DENSITOMETRY

Zuhelmi Aziz, Ratna Jamil, Desi Rahmi Suciati

DETERMINATION OF EUGENOL IN VOLATILE OIL FROM CLOVE LEAF AND FLOWER (Eugenia aromatica OK) BY TLC-DENSITOMETRY

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Clove (Eugenia aromatic OK) is a tropical plant that come from Maluku. Clove oil contain volatile oil that usuallyobtained from flowers by the distillation method, but there are some literatures mentioned clove leaves also containvolatile oil. Based on this, research was conducted to determine the content of eugenol in volatile oil of cloveleaf and flower. Determination of eugenol by TLC-Densitometry showed that, eugenol content in clove volatile oilfrom flower 82.49% and from leaf 79.03%.

ABSTRAK

Cengkeh (Eugenia aromatic OK) adalah tanaman tropis yang berasal dari Maluku. Minyak atsiri cengkeh biasanya didapatkan dari bunga menggunakan metode destilasi, tetapi beberapa literature menyebutkan bahwadaun cengkeh juga mengandung minyak atsiri. Untuk itu dilakukan penelitian penentuan eugenol dalam minyakatsiri dan dan bunga cengkeh. Dengan menggunakan TLC Densitometer diperoleh minyak atsiri dari bunga82,49% dan daun 79,03%.


Keywords


Key words: Cengkeh (Eugenia aromatic OK), volatile oil, eugenol, TLC-Densitometry

References


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Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Journal of  Indonesian Medicinal Plant, p-ISSN : 1979-892X, e-ISSN : 2354-8797) is published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional (B2P2TOOT) Tawangmangu.

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