PERTUMBUHAN DAN KANDUNGAN ANTOSIANIN DAUN MENIRAN HIJAU (Phyllanthus niruri L.) DAN MENIRAN MERAH (Phyllanthus urinaria L.) PADA BERBAGAI KADAR AIR TANAH Growth and anthocyanin content of GreenMeniran (Phyllanthus niruri L.) and Red Meniran (Phyllanthus u

Eva Oktavidiati, M Ahmad Choizin, Munif Ghulamahdi, Nurheni Wijayanto, Latifah K Darusman, Sunaryadi Sunaryadi

PERTUMBUHAN DAN KANDUNGAN ANTOSIANIN DAUN MENIRAN HIJAU (Phyllanthus niruri L.) DAN MENIRAN MERAH (Phyllanthus urinaria L.) PADA BERBAGAI KADAR AIR TANAH Growth and anthocyanin content of GreenMeniran (Phyllanthus niruri L.) and Red Meniran (Phyllanthus u

Abstract


ABSTRACTThis study aimed to determine the effect of various soil moisture on growth and anthocyanin content of twotypes of meniran (Phyllanthus niruri L. and Phyllanthus urinaria L.) leaves Experiments were arranged ina factorial experiment on randomized block design (RBD) consisting of two factors. The first factor was theavailability of ground water level (K) consists of 100 % of water availability (K0), 75 % of water availability(K1) , 50 % of water availability(K2), and 25 % of water availability (K3). The second factor was the twotypes of meniran (M) consists of M1 green meniran (Phyllanthus niruri L.) from Bangkalan(A6), M2 greenmeniran (Phyllanthus niruri L.) from Gresik (A7), and M3 red meniran (Phyllanthus urinaria L.) from Bangkalan(A13). The results showed that red meniran (A13) and green meniran (A6 and A7) required 100 %soil moisture togenerate high growth and biomass production. Red meniran (A13) required 100 % soil moistureto produce high chlorophyll a , chlorophyll b, and total chlorophyll. Red meniran (A13) required 50 %soil moisture to produce high anthocyanin whereas green meniran (A7) required 75% soil moisture content

 

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh berbagai kadar air tanah terhadap pertumbuhandan kandungan antosianin daun dua jenis meniran (Phyllanthus niruri L. dan Phyllanthus urinaria L.).Percobaan disusun berdasarkan percobaan faktorial dalam Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) yang terdiriatas dua faktor. Faktor pertama adalah tingkat ketersediaan air tanah (K) terdiri dari 100% air tersedia(K0), 75% air tersedia (K1), 50% air tersedia (K2), dan 25% air tersedia (K3). Faktor kedua adalahdua jenis meniran (M) terdiri dari M1 yaitu meniran hijau (Phyllanthus niruri L.) asal Bangkalan (A6), M2yaitu meniran hijau (Phyllanthus niruri L.) asal Gresik (A7), dan M3 yaitu meniran merah (Phyllanthusurinaria L.) asal Bangkalan (A13). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa untuk menghasilkan pertumbuhandan produksi biomassa yang tinggi, meniran merah (A13) membutuhkan kadar air tanah 100%tersedia bagi tanaman. Meniran merah (A13) membutuhkan kadar air tanah 100% tersedia bagi tanamanuntuk menghasilkan klorofil a, klorofil b, dan total klorofil yang tinggi. Meniran merah (A13) membutuhkankadar air tanah 50% tersedia bagi tanaman untuk menghasilkan antosianin yang tinggi.


Keywords


Keywords: green meniran, red meniran, anthocyanin, chlorophyll, soil water content.p

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