PENGGUNAAN SUPLEMEN BAHAN ALAM OLEH PASIEN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Swandari Paramita, Khemasili Kosala, Izzati Nurmaya Sari

Abstract


Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) merupakan masalah kesehatan utama di Indonesia. Propinsi Kalimantan Timur selalu masuk dalam lima besar propinsi dengan insiden DBD tertinggi di Indonesia sepanjang tahun 2012 hingga 2015. Pasien DBD memerlukan rawat inap pada keadaan tertentu, namun tidak ada penatalaksanaan spesifik untuk pasien DBD yang rawat inap, selain monitoring pasien dan pemberian terapi cairan intravena. Dengan demikian banyak pasien yang mencari alternatif suplemen bahan alam untuk penyakitnya tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan studi deskriptif yang dilakukan pada pasien DBD yang menjalani rawat inap di RSUD Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Samarinda Kalimantan Timur. Sebanyak 79,6% pasien DBD menggunakan suplemen bahan alam selama menjalani perawatan di rumah sakit. Terdapat 7 macam bahan alam yang sering digunakan oleh pasien, yaitu jambu biji (Psidium guajava), kurma (Phoenix dactylifera), pepaya (Carica papaya), meniran (Phyllanthus niruri), temu hitam (Curcuma aeruginosa), kunyit (Curcuma longa), dan angkak (Monascus purpureus). Diperlukan upaya promosi dan edukasi yang lebih baik untuk penggunaan suplemen bahan alam yang tepat bagi pasien DBD yang menjalani rawat inap, khususnya di Kalimantan Timur.

 

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is the main health problem in Indonesia. East Kalimantan always in top five provinces with the highest DHF incidence in Indonesia from 2012 to 2015. DHF patient needs to be hospitalized in a certain condition, but without specific treatment rather than monitoring and intravenous fluid therapy. From that condition, many patients seeking alternative herbal supplement for DHF. This is a descriptive study conducted on DHF patients in Abdul Wahab Sjahranie County Hospital Samarinda East Kalimantan. The majority of DHF patients (79.6%) using herbal supplement along with DHF treatment in hospital. There is seven herbal used by DHF patients, i.e. guava (Psidium guajava), dates (Phoenix dactylifera), papaya (Carica papaya), meniran (Phyllanthus niruri), temu hitam (Curcuma aeruginosa), turmeric (Curcuma longa), and red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus). Better promotion and education efforts of herbal supplement usage for DHF patient in the hospital needed, especially in East Kalimantan.


Keywords


suplemen; bahan alam; demam berdarah dengue

References


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Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Journal of  Indonesian Medicinal Plant, p-ISSN : 1979-892X, e-ISSN : 2354-8797) is published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional (B2P2TOOT) Tawangmangu.

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