POTENSI TUMBUHAN KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA CIBODAS SEBAGAI OBAT ANTIMALARIA MASA DEPAN

Intani Quarta Lailaty, Muhamad Muhaimin, Aisyah Handayani, Muhammad Efendi, Ainun Nadhifah, Ikhsan Noviady

Abstract


Cibodas Botanic Gardens (CBG) as an ex-situ conservation area has a wide collection of plants, one of them is potential as medicinal plants. Inventory of plant species that potentially antimalarial collection has been conducted through literature study and CBG plants collection database searches. A total of 107 species of plants collection CBG from 50 families potentially have antimalarial activity, among others Alstonia scholaris (L) R. Br., Artemisia annua L., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Bidens pilosa L., Cinchona calisaya Wedd., Dichroa febrifuga Lour., and Vernonia amygdalina Del. Parts of the plant which produces the antimalarial derived from the extract of the roots, stems, barks and leaves. The plants species potentially antimalarial will be explained in this paper.

Abstrak

Kebun Raya Cibodas (KRC) sebagai kawasan konservasi ex-situ memiliki berbagai koleksi tumbuhan, salah satunya tumbuhan berpotensi obat. Inventarisasi jenis tumbuhan koleksi yang berpotensi antimalaria telah dilakukan melalui studi literatur dan penelusuran data koleksi tanaman KRC. Sebanyak 107 jenis tumbuhan koleksi KRC dari 50 suku tumbuhan berpotensi memiliki aktivitas antimalaria, diantaranya Alstonia scholaris (L) R. Br., Artemisia annua L., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Bidens pilosa L., Cinchona calisaya Wedd., Dichroa febrifuga Lour.dan Vernonia amygdalina Del. Bagian tumbuhan yang menghasilkan zat antimalaria berasal dari ekstrak akar, batang, kulit batang dan daun. Jenis-jenis tumbuhan berpotensi antimalaria akan dijelaskan pada tulisan ini.


Keywords


Antimalaria; Kebun Raya Cibodas; obat alami; tumbuhan potensi obat

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