KECOMBRANG (Etlingera elatior): SEBUAH TINJAUAN PENGGUNAAN SECARA TRADISIONAL, FITOKIMIA DAN AKTIVITAS FARMAKOLOGINYA

Sofa Farida, Anshary Maruzy

Abstract


Torch ginger (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M.Sm.) has long been known by Indonesian people as an ornamental, vegetable, and traditional medicine. Rhizomes, stems, leaves, fruits, flowers and essential oils are part that is often used in daily life. The purpose of this review is to present a comprehensive information of traditionally using, chemical constituents, biological and pharmacological research as the scientific evidence of the torch ginger efficacy for further development of traditional medicine. Traditionally used of torch ginger indicates that it is widely used as a flavor enhancer in food, food preservatives, wounds and earaches medicine and body odor remover. Torch ginger is rich of phenols, polyphenols, flavonoids and terpenoids. The other research indicate that torch ginger has a wide range of pharmacological activity as an antioxidant, antibacterial, anticancer, larviciding and repellent.

Abstrak

Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M.Sm.) telah dikenal sejak lama oleh masyarakat Indonesia sebagai tanaman hias, sayur, dan obat tradisional. Rimpang, batang, daun, buah, bunga dan minyak atsiri merupakan bagian yang sering digunakan sehari-hari. Tujuan dari tinjauan ini adalah untuk menyajikan informasi yang komprehensif mengenai penggunaan secara tradisional, konstituen kimia, penelitian biologi dan farmakologi sebagai bukti ilmiah khasiat kecombrang guna pengembangan lebih lanjut dalam aspek pengobatan tradisional. Penggunaan secara tradisional menunjukkan kecombrang banyak digunakan sebagai penambah rasa pada masakan, pengawet makanan, mengobati luka dan sakit telinga serta sebagai penghilang bau badan.  Kecombrang  kaya akan golongan fenol, polifenol, flavonoid, dan terpenoid. Beberapa hasil penelitian menunjukkan kecombrang memiliki berbagai macam aktivitas farmakologis sebagai antioksidan, antibakteri, antikanker, larvasida dan repellent.


Keywords


kecombrang; Etlingera elatior; fitokimia; aktivitas farmakologis

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Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Journal of  Indonesian Medicinal Plant, p-ISSN : 1979-892X, e-ISSN : 2354-8797) is published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional (B2P2TOOT) Tawangmangu.

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