Gambaran Indeks Entomologi Aedes Di Enam Wilayah Endemis Demam Berdarah Dengue Provinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2009

Endang Puji A, Mara Ipa

Gambaran Indeks Entomologi Aedes Di Enam Wilayah Endemis Demam Berdarah Dengue Provinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2009

Abstract


Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) one of the diseases that spread in West Java province and the case is still increasing. The disease is spread by Aedes mosquito mainly Aedes aegypti and usually found in tropical countries especially in Southeast Asia. The study aimed to determine entomology index of larvae Ae. aegypti in endemic areas i.e Bekasi regency, Bekasi, Bandung, Depok, Bogor and Cimahi city. This study was performed as a cross sectional design. Aedes larvae and pupae entomology survey carried out on selected residence per location for three months from August to October 2009. Result showed that entomology index in Cimahi (39.2%) the highest for House Index (HI) and Bogor for Container Index (24.3%). Containers of larvae and pupae were positive in all location i. e bathtub, dispenser, refrigerator, bucket, can, pool, plastic barrel, the bird feeder and flower pot. The enhancement of community participation is necessary in mosquitoes eradication within endemic areas that has a low larvae - free rate

Keywords : Entomology Index, Aedes aegypti, House Index, Container Index.

Abstrak

Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) di Provinsi Jawa Barat, sampai saat ini kasus kesakitannya selalu meningkat. Penyakit ini disebarkan oleh nyamuk Aedes aegypti sebagai sumber penularan utama biasanya banyak ditemukan di negara tropis khususnya di Asia Tenggara.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui data indeks entomoiogi larva A. aegypti di wilayah endemis di Kota Bekasi, Kab.Bekasi, Kota Bandung, Kota Depok, Kota Cimahi dan Kota Bogor. Desain penelitian ini dilakukan secara cross sectional.Survei entomoiogi larva dan pupa Aedes dilakukan pada rumah terpilih selama tiga bulan yaitu bulan Agustus - Oktober 2009. Indeks entomoiogi 6 wilayah endemis Provinsi Jawa Barat, House index (HI) tertinggi di kota Cimahi (39,2%) sedangkan Container Index (Cl) tertinggi kota Bogor (24,3%). Kontainer yang ditemukan larva dan pupa positif di semua lokasi penelitian yaitu bak mandi, dispenser, kulkas, ember, kaleng, kolam, tong plastik, tempat minum burung dan pot bunga. Peran serta masyarakat diperiukan dalam upaya Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN) di wilayah endemis yang Angka Bebas Jentik (ABJ) masih rendah.

Kata kunci: indeks entomoiogi, Aedes aegypti, House index, Container Index

Keywords


Entomology Index, Aedes aegypti, House Index, Container Index.

References


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SPIRAKEL (p-ISSN: 2086-1346, e-ISSN: 2354-8819) is published by Loka Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Baturaja, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia

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