KESESUAIAN KOMPOSISI GIZI DAN KLAIM KANDUNGAN GIZI PADA PRODUK MP-ASI BUBUK INSTAN DAN BISKUIT

Agata Tantri Atmaja, Made Astawan, Nurheni Sri Palupi

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Complementary food for breastfeeding period is known as one of the nutrition source for children aged 6 – 24 months old. However, nutritional content of complementary good has not been confirmed with international and national standard, yet, nutrition problems in Indonesia.  This research on processed complementary food, aimed to confirmnutritional content with standard and identify the most frequently-appeared nutritional claims. There were nine samples of processed complementary food in a format of instant powder and five samples in a format of biscuit representing mereks and categories were in scope of this research. Conformity of nutritional content obtained from information on the label, were compared with international standard (Codex Alimentarius- CAC/GL 8-1991) and Indonesian National Standard (SNI 2005). According to this research, 88 percent of nutritional compositions in instant powder were conformed to Codex Alimentarius standard, however only 31 percent in biscuit were conformed to this international standard. On the comparison with Indonesian National Standard, 94 percent of nutritional content in instant powder were conformed to the standard and 86 percent of nutritional compositions in biscuit were also conformed to standard. The most frequently-apperead nutritional claims in the processed complementary food in scope were iron, calcium, protein, dietary fibre, and vitamin A. Three from five nutrients were closely relevant with current nutrition problem in Indonesia namely aenemia, protein/chronic energy deficiency, and vitamin A deficiency.

 

ABSTRAK

Makanan pendamping air susu ibu (MP-ASI) merupakan salah satu sumber zat gizi pada anak usia 6 – 24 bulan. Namun demikian, kandungan zat gizi pada MP-ASI belum dikonfirmasi dengan standar internasional serta nasional, serta permasalahan gizi di Indonesia.Penelitian produk MP-ASI pabrikan bertujuan untuk mengkonfirmasi kesesuaian kandungan gizi dengan standar dan mengidentifikasi klaim kandungan gizi yang paling banyak muncul. Sampel penelitian ini adalah sembilan sampel MP-ASI bubuk instan dan lima sampel biskuit yang dipilih secara purposif dan mewakili merek dagang dan jenisnya. Kesesuaian kandungan gizi diukur menggunakan informasi kandungan gizi yang terdapat pada label produk dan dibandingkan dengan standar internasional dari Codex Alimentarius (CAC/GL 8-1991) serta Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI MP-ASI 2005). Tingkat kesesuaian zat gizi pada  MP-ASI bubuk instan dengan Codex Alimentarius mencapai 88 persen Sedangkan kesesuaian kandungan zat gizi pada MP-ASI biskuit dengan Codex Alimentarius hanya sekitar 31 persen. Jika dibandingkan dengan SNI baik untuk bubuk instan maupun biskuit, sebanyak 94 persen zat gizi pada MP-ASI bubuk instan dan 86 persen pada MP-ASI biskuit sudah memenuhi SNI. Klaim kandungan gizi dengan frekuensi kemunculan tertinggi berturut-turut pada MP-ASI bubuk instan dan biskuit adalah zat besi, kalsium, protein, serat pangan, dan vitamin A. Tiga dari lima zat gizi ini merupakan zat gizi yang berkaitan erat dengan masalah gizi yang ada di Indonesia yaitu Anemia, Kekurangan Energi Protein (KEP), dan Kekurangan Vitamin A (KVA).

Keywords


biscuit; complementary food; instant powder; nutrition claim

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