KONTRIBUSI JENIS BAHAN MAKANAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI NATRIUM PADA ANAK USIA 6-18 TAHUN DI INDONESIA (FOOD CONTRIBUTION IN SODIUM INTAKE OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG AGE [6-18 YEARS] IN INDONESIA)

Sri Prihatini, Elisa Diana Julianti, Hermina Hermina

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Hypertension, heart disease and stroke are a major cause of death in Indonesia. In 2013, the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia about 25,8 persen. WHO concluded that excess sodium consumption showing a positive straightline relationship with increased incidence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The aim of data analysis was to get information about  the contribution of sodium intake in children aged 6-18 years. The data came from Individual Food Consumption Study in 2014. The 24 hours recall were done in 2014 was administered to 34.956 children and young people boys and girls aged 6-18 years. Sodium intake were estimated indirectly from food consumption data. The analysis showed that the average of sodium intake in children age 6-18 years were 2609 mg /day, of which as much as 55.3 percent consume more than 2000 mg/day. The food groups that highly contribute to sodium intake were from seasoning (51.8%), cereals and cereals product (21.16%), fish and fish product (10.69%), meat and meat products (4.78%). The main source of sodium intake in children 6-18 years age came from salt (43.9%), followed by noodles (13.2%), other condiment (7.9%) and fresh fish (5.4%) processed fish (5.3%) in consecutive. While  other foods contribute less than 5 percent of sodium.

ABSTRAK

Saat ini, hipertensi, penyakit jantung dan stroke menjadi penyebab utama kematian di Indonesia. Menurut hasil riset kesehatan dasar (Riskesdas) tahun 2013, prevalensi hipertensi di Indonesia sebesar 25,8 persen. Data WHO menunjukkan bahwa kelebihan konsumsi Natrium berkaitan dengan peningkatan kejadian hipertensi dan penyakit kardiovaskular. Tujuan analisis data untuk memperoleh informasi kontribusi bahan makanan terhadap asupan Natrium pada anak usia 6-18 tahun. Data yang digunakan adalah data Studi Konsumsi Makanan Individu 2014. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis sebanyak 34.956 anak usia 6-18 tahun. Jumlah asupan Natrium diperoleh dari data recall 1x24 jam. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa rerata asupan Natrium anak usia 6-18 tahun adalah 2609 mg/orang/hari, diantaranya sebanyak 55,3 persen anak mengonsumsi lebih dari 2000 mg/hari. Kelompok bahan makanan yang berkontribusi besar terhadap asupan Natrium pada anak usia 6-18 tahun adalah kelompok bumbu termasuk garam yaitu sebesar 51,8 persen, kelompok serealia dan olahan (21,16%), kelompok ikan dan olahan (10,69%) dan kelompok daging dan olahan (4,78%). Jenis bahan makanan yang berkontribusi besar terhadap asupan Natrium adalah garam sebesar 43,9 persen kemudian bumbu (7,9%), mi (13,2%) ikan segar (5,4%) dan ikan olahan (5,3%), sedangkan jenis bahan makanan lainnya kurang dari 5 persen. Disimpulkan bahwa sebagian besar asupan Natrium pada anak usia 6-18 tahun berasal dari garam dapur, mi, bumbu, ikan segar dan olahan ikan.



Keywords


children 6-18 years old; food items; natrium intake

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