PENGARUH STATUS KEHAMILAN TIDAK DIINGINKAN TERHADAP PERILAKU IBU SELAMA KEHAMILAN DAN SETELAH KELAHIRAN DI INDONESIA (ANALISIS DATA SDKI 2012)

Lisa Indrian Dini, Pandu Riono, Ning Sulistiyowati

Abstract


Abstract

Background: The status of unintended pregnancies is an important concern as unintended pregnancy can affect mother and infant health. Objective: This study aimed to determine the description and influence of unintended pregnancies towards mothers’ behaviour during prenatal and postnatal within different economic status. Methods: An analysis of secondary data from Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012 is conducted. A sample of 11.742 respondents qualified into inclusive criteria were women aged 15-49 years who had pregnant and gave birth to single births since January 2007 until the time of the survey. The analysis was performed with logistic regression and stratified multivariate logistic regression. Results: The results showed that mothers who experienced an unintended pregnancy were 1.79 more likely to not conduct prenatal care compared to those who didn’t, and had the same opportunities of not having behaviour of exclusive breastfeeding and not giving complete basic immunization as those who didn’t. The study also obtained results that behaviour of obstetric care, exclusive breastfeeding and complete basic immunization also influenced by economic status. Conclusion: Unintended pregnancy affected behaviour of antenatal care (ANC) visit whereas exclusive breastfeeding and complete basic imunization were not different compare to intended pregnancy. Effect unintended pregnanvy toward materna; behavior’s mother are vary according economics status.

Keyword: unintended pregnancy, antenatal care, exclusive breastfeeding, complete basic immunization

 

Abstrak

Latar Belakang: Status kehamilan tidak diinginkan menjadi penting karena dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan ibu dan bayi yang akan dilahirkannya dan kelangsungan hidupnya. Tujuan: Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dan pengaruh kehamilan tidak diinginkan terhadap perilaku ibu selama kehamilan dan setelah kelahiran menurut status status ekonomi Metode: Analisis data sekunder dari Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) tahun 2012. Sampel sebanyak 11.742 responden yang memenuhi syarat inklusi (wanita usia 15-49 tahun pernah hamil dan melahirkan kelahiran tunggal, masih hidup dan melahirkan sejak Januari 2007 sampai survei. Analisis dengan regeresi logistik dan stratifikasi regresi logistik multivariat. Hasil: Ibu yang mengalami kehamilan tidak diinginkan berpeluang tidak melakukan perawatan kehamilan 1,79 dibandingkan kehamilan diinginkan; berpeluang sama terhadap perilaku tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif dan tidak memberikan imunisasi dasar lengkap. Hasil analisis stratifikasi menunjukkan pengaruh status kehamilan tidak diinginkan terhadap perilaku: perawatan kehamilan; pemberian ASI eksklusif dan pemberian imunisasi dasar lengkap yang juga dipengaruhi oleh status status ekonomi. Semakin kaya cenderung melakukan perawatan kehamilan. Kesimpulan: Kehamilan tidak diinginkan berpengaruh terhadap perilaku perawatan kehamilan (ANC), namun tidak ada perbedaan bermakna pada perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif dan pemberian imunisasi dasar lengkap. Pengaruh status kehamilan tidak diinginkan bervariasi menurut status ekonomi.

Kata kunci : Kehamilan tidak diinginkan, perawatan kehamilan, asi eksklusif, imunisasi dasar lengkap


Keywords


unintended pregnancy, antenatal care, exclusive breastfeeding, complete basic immunization

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