HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN HIV/AIDS DENGAN SIKAP PENOLAKAN TERHADAP ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS (ODHA) PADA MASYARAKAT INDONESIA (ANALISIS LANJUT SURVEI DEMOGRAFI DAN KESEHATAN INDONESIA 2012)

A Sri Wahyuni Sulkarnaen, Sudarto Ronoatmodjo

Abstract


Background: The rejection attitude towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) is a major obstacle in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. Various studies have shown that knowledge of HIV/AIDS can reduce negative/rejection attitudes towards PLHA.

Objective: In order to study and explain the relationship between knowledge of HIV/AIDS with a rejection attitude towards PLHA in Indonesian society.

Method: This study analyzed secondary data of the 2012 IDHS using a cross sectional research design. Multivariate analysis used Logistic Regression test was done to process the data of IDHS 2012. We used 41,004 samples consisting of all women of reproductive age 15-49 years old, married men aged 15-54, and 15-24 years old men who had never married. The relationship analyses used logistic regression with interaction and confounding test.

Result: There was a significant negative relationship between knowledge of HIV/AIDS with an negative attitude towards PLHA (p-value= 0.001; OR= 0.47). Variables substantially confounder were the level of education and media exposure. In addition, there was an interaction between knowledge with level of education, and knowledge with media exposure.

Conclusion: The level of education and media exposure becomes a very important variable to one's knowledge and attitude. Therefore, it is necessary to increase knowledge through education and media exposure to reduce the attitude of rejection of PLHA.

Keywords


HIV/AIDS, PLHA, knowledge,rejection attitudes

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