Hubungan pengetahuan ibu tentang diare dan perilaku memasak air minum dengan kejadian diare balita di Puskesmas Baringin Kabupaten Tapin tahun 2014

Budi Hairani, Suriani -, Dicky Andiarsa, Juhairiyah -

Abstract


Abstract.

Diarrhea is still a health problem in Indonesia particularly those that occur at the age of toddler or children as it can cause mortality. The objective of this study was to find out the relationship among mother’s knowledge and their practice in cooking domestic drinking water with the incidence of diarrhea in toddler that treated in Baringin Public Health Center. This study was analytic method with cross sectional approach, data were collected by questionnaire. There were 80 respondent mother who had brought their toddlers at Baringin Public Health Center in the period January - July 2014 and resided in the Baringin Public Health Center working area. Statistical analysis showed that all knowledge variable and practice of mother in cooking domestic drinking water have a significant relationship with the incidence of diarrhea in toddler (p < 0,05). Based on the results, we suggest to increase the implementation of health information by health center mainly about diarrheal disease and the importance of good hygiene practices, as well as boiling drinking water properly to prevent of diarrhea.

Keyword: diarrhea, toddler, knowledge, drinking water

Abstrak.

Diare masih merupakan masalah kesehatan di Indonesia terutama yang terjadi pada usia balita karena dapat menyebabkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu balita dan kebiasaan ibu balita dalam memasak air minum rumah tangga dengan kejadian diare pada balita yang berobat di Puskesmas Baringin. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif analitik dan desain cross sectional, dengan besar sampel sejumlah 80 responden ibu balita yang pernah membawa balitanya berobat di Puskesmas Baringin pada periode bulan Januari – Juli tahun 2014 dan berdomisili di desa wilayah kerja Puskesmas Baringin. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan antara semua variabel pengetahuan ibu serta perilaku memasak air minum dengan kejadian diare pada balita yang berobat di Puskesmas Baringin pada bulan Januari – Juli tahun 2014 (p < 0,05). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini disarankan adanya peningkatan pelaksanaan penyuluhan kesehatan oleh Puskesmas terutama seputar penyakit diare dan pentingnya perilaku hidup bersih serta memasak air minum dengan benar sebagai usaha pencegahan diare.

Kata Kunci: diare, balita, pengetahuan, air minum


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JHECDs: Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases

p-ISSN: 2502-0447

e-ISSN: 2503-5134

Published by: Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu, Kementerian Kesehatan RI


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