PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGENDALIAN DEMAMBERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DI KELURAHAN BATURAJA LAMA DAN SEKAR JAYA, KECAMATAN BATURAJA TIMUR, KABUPATEN OGAN KOMERING ULU (OKU), PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

Milana Salim, Yahya Yahya, Tri Wurisastuti, Rizki Nurmaliani

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) District is one of dengue endemic areas in South Sumatera Province. One of the effort to prevent the occurrence of DHF transmission is by controlling mosquito vectors at the larval level. The use of insecticides in the control of DHF vectors, in addition to causing resistance, can also adversely affect the environmental health. Currently, DBD vector control in OKU District is done biologically (biological control), that is by using larvae-eating fish. This study was conducted to determine the level of community participation in the control of dengue vectors using larvae-eating fish. The research location was in Baturaja Lama and Sekarjaya village. The population was all households in both urban villages. The number of samples was determined by reference to the WHO provisions on the minimum standard of DBD entomology survey sample that is 100 houses, the number of household samples that were obtained was 217 chosen by purposive method. The result of index calculation of larvae showed the number of HI in Baturaja Lama village was 42,1% and Sekar Jaya village was 48,2%. CI figures in the Baturaja Lama village was 19.2% and Sekar Jaya village was 16.2%. BI figures in Baturaja Lama village was 51.4% and Sekar Jaya village was 75.5%. Fishing behavior showed significant correlation to larva existence, but the percentage of households maintaining fish in the two sub-districts was low, less than 10%. It is necessary to increase the community's knowledge about the benefits and potential development of larvae-eating fish species in the effort of controlling DHF.

Keywords: OKU District, DHF, larvae-eating fish, community participation

 

ABSTRAK

Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) merupakan salah satu wilayah endemis DBD di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Salah satu upaya untuk mencegah terjadinya penularan DBD adalah dengan melakukan pengendalian vektor nyamuk pada tingkat larva. Penggunaan insektisida dalam pengendalian vektor DBD, selain dapat menimbulkan resistensi, juga dapat berdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan lingkungan. Saat ini pengendalian vektor DBD di Kabupaten OKU, dilakukan secara hayati (biological control), yaitu dengan menggunakan ikan pemakan larva. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengendalian vektor DBD menggunakan ikan pemakan larva. Lokasi penelitian berada di Kelurahan Baturaja Lama dan Kelurahan Sekarjaya. Populasi adalah seluruh rumah tangga di kedua kelurahan tersebut. Jumlah sampel ditentukan dengan mengacu pada ketentuan WHO mengenai standar minimal sampel survei entomologi DBD yaitu 100 rumah. Jumlah sampel rumah tangga yang berhasil didapatkan sebanyak 217 yang dipilih dengan cara purposive. Hasil perhitungan indeks jentik menunjukkan angka HI di Kelurahan Baturaja Lama sebesar 42,1% dan di Kelurahan Sekar Jaya sebesar 48,2%. Angka CI di Kelurahan Baturaja Lama sebesar 19,2% dan Sekar Jaya sebesar 16,2%. Angka BI di Kelurahan Baturaja Lama sebesar 51,4% dan Sekar Jaya sebesar 75,5%. Analisis statistik terhadap perilaku memelihara ikan menunjukkan hubungan bermakna terhadap keberadaan jentik, namun persentase jumlah rumah tangga yang memelihara ikan pada kedua kelurahan masih tergolong rendah yakni kurang dari 10%. Perlu dilakukan peningkatan pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai manfaat dan pengembangan potensi jenis ikan pemakan jentik dalam upaya pengendalian DBD.

Kata kunci: Kabupaten OKU, DBD, ikan pemakan larva, partisipasi masyarakat


Keywords


Kabupaten OKU, DBD, ikan pemakan larva, partisipasi masyarakat

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