CULEX QUINQUIFASCL4TUS SEBAGAI VEKTOR UTAMA FILARIASIS LIMFATIK YANG DISEBABKAN WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI DI KELURAHAN PABEAN KOTA PEKALONGAN

Tri Ramadhani

CULEX QUINQUIFASCL4TUS SEBAGAI VEKTOR UTAMA FILARIASIS LIMFATIK YANG DISEBABKAN WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI DI KELURAHAN PABEAN KOTA PEKALONGAN

Abstract


Lymphatic filariasis was still being a public health problem in Indonesia, and one of
communicable disease which is caused by infestation of Filaria worm. The disease is transmitted by many
various mosquitoes. Pabean village was an endemic area of the filariasis bancrofti in Pekalongan City with
microfilaria rate was 3,4% in 2007. The aim of this study was to know all the mosquitoes collected, the
current transmission of filariasis and its main vector spesies of filariasis bancrofti in Pabean village.
The research was an observational study which used cross sectional design. The samples were adult
mosquitoes found at three houses of filariasis patient.To collect the adult mosquitoes using landing
collection at night, light trap with dry ice and resting habit in the morning. The mosquitoes were killed,
identified and dissected to find filarial larvae. The result showed the total of collected mosquitoes of
19.306, consist of 4 genus. They were 19.229 Culex, 51 Anopheles, 24 Aedes and 2 Malaya. The infective
larvae (L3) found in Cx.quinquefasciatus, which collected in door and out door. The dissection of resting
mosquitoes found infection rate 38,40 % and infective rate 34,40%. Transmission of filariasis was detected
currently occured in the area with the main vector of Cx.quinquefasciatus. The conclussion is that
Cx.quinquefasciatus as the main vector of filariasis bancrofti in Pabean village.
Keywords: Culex quinquifasciatus, fdariasis, Wuchereria bancrofti,Vektor

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: