IMPLEMENTASI PENGELOLAAN AIR MINUM RUMAH TANGGA (PAM RT) DI JAWA BARAT DAN (NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR)

Athena Anwar, Indah T

IMPLEMENTASI PENGELOLAAN AIR MINUM RUMAH TANGGA (PAM RT) DI JAWA BARAT DAN (NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR)

Abstract


Abstract

In order to reduce waterborne diseases, the current government and its partners are developing ahousehold water treatment and safety storage (HWTS). This article is part of a study on Development ofAn Evidence-Based Guidelines for Promotion of HWTS which is conducted in three pilot sites: Bandungcity, Bandung district (West Java) and Sikka district (East Nusa Tenggara) in 2008. The aim of this studywas to find out how the program was implemented and how is the public opinion about the management(processing and storage) of drinking water. Data collection was done by interview through a questionnaire.Data source were health officers and partners (qualitative data) and the community (quantitative data).Qualitative data processing was performed by the content and the domain method, while quantitative datawas processed through SPSS software. The results show that the government develop the HWTS alongwith its partner: Aman Tirta (Bandung City), Pelita Indonesia (Bandung District), and Dian Desa (SikkaDistrict). Activity of HWTS was done through several stages, such as preparation/dissemination,implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Every partner will have its own way in carrying out the stagesof activity. Not all health officers of district/city states involved in the implementation of the HWTSprogram. It was only Sikka District Health officer that claimed to have fully engaged in the implementationof HWTS in the region. The results of processing and data analysis showed that more than 80% ofrespondents said the HWTS methods were suitable with drinking water treatment for their region. In termsof increasing the water quality, price of materials/tools, and easyness in the water treatment; respondents'opinions very widely.

Keywords: HWTS, drinking water, water treatment

 

Abstrak

Dalam upaya menurunkan penyakit yang ditularkan melalui air, saat ini pemerintah dan mitrasedang mengembangkan pengelolaan air minum rumah tangga (PAM RT atau household water treatmentand safety storage). Tulisan ini merupakan bagian dari studi tentang Development Of An Evindence-BasedGuideline For Promotion Of HWTS yang dilakukan di di 3 lokasi percontohan yaitu Kota Bandung,Kabupaten Bandung, (Jawa Barat) dan Kabupaten Sikka (NTT). Studi dilakukan pada tahun tahun 2008,dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana implementasi program dan pendapat masyarakat tentangpengelolaan (pengolahan dan penyimpanan) air minum. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data kualitatif(mitra dan petugas kesehatan) dan kuantitatif (masyarakat). Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan carawawancara menggunakan daftar pertanyaan (kualitatif) dan kuesioner (kuantitatif). Pengolahan datakualitatif dilakukan dengan content dan domain, sedangkan data kuantitatif dilakukan denganmenggunakan software SPSS. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif. Hasil menunjukkan bahwapemerintah mengembangkan PAM RT bersama dengan mitra Aman Tirta (Kota Bandung), Pelita Indonesia(Kabupaten Bandung), dan Dian Desa (Kabupaten Sikka). Implementasi PAM RT dilakukan melaluibeberapa tahap, yaitu persiapan/sosialisasi, pelaksanaan, monitoring dan evaluasi.Setiap mitra mempunyaicara tersendiri dalam melaksanakan tahapan kegiatan tersebut. Hanya petugas Dinas Kesehatan KabupatenSikka yang menyatakan telah terlibat secara penuh dalam implementasi PAM RT di wilayahnya. Hasilwawancara terhadap masyarakat menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari 80% responden menyatakan metode dalamPAM RT sesuai untuk pengolahan air minum di wilayahnya. Dalam hal menjadikan kualitas air menjadilebih baik, harga bahan/alat, dan kemudahan pengeolahan air, pendapat responden sangat bervariasi.

Kata kunci: PAM RT, air minum, pengolahan ait minum


Keywords


HWTS, drinking water, water treatment

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: