KONSUMSI ENERGI,PROTEIN DAN LEMAK PADA RUMAH TANGGA YANG MEMPUNYAI ANAK USIA 3-5 TAHUN MENURUT PEDOMAN UMUM GIZI SEIMBANG (PUGS) DAN TINGKAT SOSIAL EKONOMI (ANALISIS DATA SEKUNDER RISKESDAS TAHUN 2007/2008)

Sri Muljati, Basuki Budiman, Noviati Fuada

KONSUMSI ENERGI,PROTEIN DAN LEMAK PADA RUMAH TANGGA YANG MEMPUNYAI ANAK USIA 3-5 TAHUN MENURUT PEDOMAN UMUM GIZI SEIMBANG (PUGS) DAN TINGKAT SOSIAL EKONOMI (ANALISIS DATA SEKUNDER RISKESDAS TAHUN 2007/2008)

Abstract


Abstract

Household consumption is one of factors that play impotant role in creating a healthy family.Balanced diet be it in amount or variation is highly needed because there is no food that consist of-nor dothey have enough amount-every nutrition that are needed by body. To get used to consume foods thatcontain balanced diet is one of the ways to overcome double nutrition problems, be it malnutrition oroverweight that the Indonesian government faced. Foods for child 3-5 years old are still depend on foodthat are prepared by nannies, which are the same with food prepared for adults. It is interesting to studyhow energy, protein, and fat consumption on households that have child age 3-5 years old, considering thisgroup of age is the age of pre-school so they need to have the ultimate health. Objective: this analysis studyhow energy, protein, and fat consumption on households that have children age 3-5 years old according toPUGS and also social economic status. Method: Sample that are being analyzed are as much as 16348households that have children age 3-5 years old that derived from RISKESDAS year 2007/2008 data.Result: 46,7% of households are according to PUGS advices. Social factor economic, education of theleader of household, and the amount of member of the household are related to household's ability toprovide energy, protein and fat consumption according to PUGS. The socio economic, head of householdeducation level, and also amount of family member, are factors that related to the ability of household toprovide consumption of energy, protein, and fat according to PUGS advices. This is shown byOR:1.25(1.18-1.34) for household with socio economic level in kuintil 1-3, OR:1.12(1.05-1.20) foreducation level of household graduate from junior high school or lower. OR:1.16(1.19-1.24) for member ofhousehold more than four persons. Conclusion: Most of households that have children age 3-5 years old(53.3%) not yet have energy, protein and fat consumption according to PUGS advices. Therefore the effortto increase family that are aware of nutritions is highly needed. So, the effort to increase nutritions awarefamily programe in the society are extreamly needed.

Keywords: Nutritional guidelines,child under five years.

 

Abstrak

Latar Belakang Masalah: Membiasakan mengkonsumsi hidangan sehari-hari dengan susunan zatgizi seimbang merupakan salah satu upaya untuk menanggulangi masalah gizi ganda, baik gizi kurangmaupun gizi lebih yang saat ini dihadapi pemerintah Indonesia. Konsumsi makanan yang seimbang baikjumlah ataupun jenis pangan sangat diperlukan karena dalam satu jenis pangan tidak tersedia zat-zat gizisecara lengkap dan memenuhi kebutuhan tubuh. Anak usia 3-5 tahun sudah mengkonsumsi makanan yangsama dengan orang dewasa namun masih tergantung kepada makanan yang disediakan pengasuh di rumahtangga. Kesesuaian konsumsi energi, protein dan lemak rumah tangga yang mempunyai anak usia 3-5tahun dengan anjuran PUGS menurut tingkat sosial ekonomi belum pernah dipelajari secara khusus.TujuanAnalisis: Analisis ini akan mengkaji bagaimana konsumsi energi, protein dan lemak pada rumah tanggayang mempunyai anak usia 3-5 tahun menurut anjuran PUGS dan tingkat sosial ekonomi. Metodologi:Sampel yang dianalisis sebanyak 16348 rumah tangga yang memiliki anak usia 3-5 tahun berasal dari dataRISKESDAS 2007/2008. Hasil analisis: Sebanyak (46.7%) rumah tangga termasuk kategori telahmengkonsumsi energi (60%), protein (15%) dan lemak (25%) dalam konsumsi sehari sesuai anjuranPUGS. Faktor sosial ekonomi, pendidikan kepala keluarga dan jumlah anggota rumah tangga berhubungandengan kemampuan rumah tangga menyediakan konsumsi energi, protein dan lemak sesuai anjuran PUGS.Hal ini di tunjukkan dengan OR:1.25(1.18-1.34) untuk rumah tangga dengan tingkat sosial ekonomi padakuintil 1-3, 'OR:1.12(1.05-1.20) pendidikan kepala keluarga SMP tamat atau lebih rendah danOR:1.16(1.19-1.24) jumlah anggota rumah tangga lebih dari empat orang. Kesimpulan:Sebanyak (53.3%)rumah tangga yang mempunyai anak usia 3-5 th belum mengkonsumsi energi, protein dan lemak sesuai anjuran PUGS. Oleh karena itu upaya peningkatan program keluarga radar gizi (kadarzi) di masyarakatsangat diperlukan.

Kata kunci: PUGS, anak usia 3-5 tahun.


Keywords


Nutritional guidelines,child under five years

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: