KEMAMPUAN KADER POSYANDU DALAM MELAKUKAN PENGUKURAN PANJANG/TINGGI BADAN BALITA

Noviati Fuada, Salimar Salimar, Anies Irawati

KEMAMPUAN KADER POSYANDU DALAM MELAKUKAN PENGUKURAN PANJANG/TINGGI BADAN BALITA

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Riskesdas 2013, provides information stunting in infants of as much as 37,2 percent. Meanwhile, inRISKESDAS 2007, information abaut stunting are 36.8 percent. The highest proportion is importantreason, to monitoring height / weight infants at posyandu. Community fact, show that body length oftoddler in posyandu. Thirty percent of posyandu (integrated service station) activities undertaken correctlyby the kader-posyandu (integrated service station center). Kader-posyandu chosen by people, so that thepublic trus her's. Her's advice and guidance are often followed by community, therefore necessary totraining as a form of education in adults. Assessing the impact of training on changes in measure thelength and height on under five children, before and after training. Descriptive for collect characteristicsdata, of the observations to look at the technique/how to measure before and after training. Nonparametricanalysis with wilcoxcon test and sign, used to see whether there are differences 'delta standardkader'(the difference in the results of the cadre integrated service station and the gold standard ofmeasurement)between before and after training. In general, high school educated kader-posyandu, aged31-40 years. Posyandu time to perform activities ranged from 2 s / d 4 years. As much as 74 percent ofthemhave never received refresher training in the last year period. The results of measurement accordingtothe standard observation phase (right) increased by about 30-40 percent. Anthropometry training resultsshoweddifferences in technique how to measure the infants who fit the measurement requirements. hereweresignificant differences (p = 0.00) results 'delta standard-kader' using three tools are multifunctional,lengboard,microtoise before and .after training. Anthropometry training, has been able to improve kaderposyanduskill in measuring of length and height of under five children.

Keywords: Measurement, height, length, under-five

 

ABSTRAK

RISKESDAS 2013 menghasilkan informasi, sebesar 37,2 persen balita Indonesia pendek: SementaraRiskesdas 2007, balita pendek dan sangat pendek sebesar 36,8 persen. Angka stunting yang cukup tinggi,memberikan alasan, pentingnya pemantauan tinggi/panjang badan balita di posyandu. Fakta di lapanganmenunjukkan kader hanya melakukan penimbangan, dan hanya 30 persen kegiatan posyandu dilaksanakandengan benar. Kader dipilih masyarakat sehingga dipercaya masyarakat, saran dan petunjuknya seringdiikuti masyarakat, oleh karena itu diperlukan pelatihan sebagai bentuk pendidikan pada orang dewasa.Menilai ketepatan pengukuran panjang/tinggi badan balita yang dilakukan kader posyandu sebelum dansesudah pelatihan. Uji t dependen digunakan untuk melihat apakah ada perbedaan perbedaan basilpengukuran kader sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan. Deskriptif untuk melihat karakteristik observasi pada teknik/cara mengukur. Pada umumnya kader berpendidikan SLTA, berumur 31-40 tahun, lama menjadikader berkisar 2 s/d 4 tahun dan 74 persen diantaranya tidak pernah mendapat penyegaran pelatihan dalam kurun walctu 1 tahun terakhir. Ada perbedaan bermakna (p=0.00) hasil pengukuran kader dibandingkanGold Standart (peneliti) menggunakan alat"lengboard", dan "microtoise"sebelum dan setelah pelatihan.Ada perbedaan bermakna (p=0.00) hasil penggukuran kader dibandingkan Gold Standart (peneliti)menggunakan alat multifungsisebelum dan setelah pelatihan. Hasil penilaian berdasarkan uji statistikmenyatakan kader telah mampu mengukur mendekati gold standar setelah pelatihan. Hasil pengamatankader lebih mudah (sesuai standar pengamatan) dalam menggunakan alat lengboard dan microtoice.

Kata kunci: Pengukuran, Tinggi Badan, Panjang Badan, Balita


Keywords


Measurement, height, length, under-five

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: