HUBUNGAN KADAR PB DENGAN KADAR HB PADA ANAK DI WILAYAH DAUR ULANG AKI BEKAS INFORMAL DI BOGOR, DEPOK, TANGERANG, DAN BEKASI

Inswiasri Inswiasri, F.X. Sintawati

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The increasing number of unofficial dry battery recycling done by households and small industries could have an impact on public health. During the recycling process there will be Pb emissions (battery major component) into the air. Pb exposure, especially to children can cause health effects such as anemia microcytic and hyprochromic. This study aims to discover the effect of Pb exposure from used batteries recycling on the cases of children with anemia (aged 7-13 years) in Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi in the year 2014. Study design was cross-sectional, with the sample of children as many as 418. Levels of lead in children's blood was measured using Lead Care Analyzer II, and hemoglobin levels in the blood with Hemoque 2.1. The results showed that 36.6% of children suffer from anemia. The test results indicate a statistically significant relationship (p <0.05) between Pb levels in the blood with anemia (low Hb levels); with a very weak correlation (correlation coefficient: 0.124). Need more thorough studies on aspects of health impacts from battery recycling.

Keywords: Battery recycling, lead (Pb), haemoglobin, children

 

ABSTRAK

Pajanan Pb terutama terhadap anak-anak dapat menimbulkan dampak kesehatan berupa anemia microcytic dan hyprochromic. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pajanan Pb dari kegiatan daur ulang aki bekas terhadap kejadian anemia anak-anak (usia 7–13 tahun) di Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi, tahun 2014. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang, dengan jumlah sampel anak-anak sebanyak 418 orang. Kadar Pb dalam darah anak-anak diukur dengan menggunakan Lead Care Analyzer II, dan kadar Hb dalam darah dengan Hemoque 2.1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 36,6% anak-anak menderita anemia. Hasil uji statistik mengindikasikan adanya hubungan yang signifikan (p<0,05) antara kadar Pb dalam darah dengan kejadian anemia (kadar Hb rendah); dengan korelasi sangat lemah (koefisien korelasi: 0,124). Perlu kajian lebih menyeluruh tentang aspek dampak kesehatan dari kegiatan daur ulang aki bekas.

Kata kunci: Daur ulang aki bekas, timah hitam (Pb), daur ulang aki bekas, Hb-darah, anak-anak

Keywords


Battery recycling, lead (Pb), haemoglobin, children

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