ANALISIS SPASIAL TERHADAP PERUBAHAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI INDONESIA (RISKESDAS 2007 2010)

Noviati Fuada, Sri Poedji Hatuty

Abstract


Transitions nutritional status is a reflection of the general transition, such as demographics, food, education and health. Demographic Transition reciprocally affects the transition in nutrition/health. This analysis was aimed to identify the distribution of the area and the differentiating factor of the double burden malnutrition on the children under five. Analysis was performed using aggregated National Data from Susenas 2007-2010 and Riskesdas 2007-2010. Unit analysis is the province. Spatial analysis was done with overlay method. The Analysis showed that high levels of potentially affected areas with double burden malnutrition were all of province in Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Maluku. Additionally was DKI province, Central Java, North Sumatra, South Sumatra, Riau Islands, Bangka Belitung and Lampung. Those situation is need to be concerned especially with demographic bonus phenomena. Demographic Bonus becomes a problem, if it is not accompanied by an increment in education, skills, health. When assuming other factor remain, it is predicted that in the event of the demographic bonus, there will be also a double burden malnutrition problems. Distribution of areas that experience with double burden malnutrition, clustered in regions outside Java, it shows social disparities still exist among Indonesian, community. Susceptible areas of double burden malnutrition was spread outside Java. Namely, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku. Sumatra, Riau Islands, Bangka Belitung.

Keywords


Double burden, Transitions, dependency ratio, spatial

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: