Sarimawar Djaja, Yuwono Wiryawan, Iram B. Maisya


The fourth target of Millennium Development Goals 2015 in Indonesia is to decrease infant mortality rate, and children under-five year old mortality rate from 34 per 1,000 LB and 44 per 1,000 births to 23 per 1,000 LB and 32 per 1,000 births respectively. The aim of this analysis is to know the trend of causes of death of infant and children under-five year old in the twelve years last period (1995-2007). This analysis used baseline health research 2007, national health survey 2001, and household health survey 1995 data. The survey design is cross-sectional. The samples of those survey using sampling frame of Socio-Economic National Survey 2007, 2001, 1995, chosen through probability proportional to size selection. The sample number of baseline health research 2007, national health survey 2001, and household health survey 1995 were 280,000 HH, 211,168 HH, and 206,240 HH. The unit analyses are household members aged 0-4 years that's dead in the one year period before the survey. Instrument was designed with verbal autopsy technique to get the signs and symptoms before death from the information of the family of the deceased. Cause of death was diagnosed based on the International Classification of Diseases -10. Cause of death resulted in the infant mortality was still the same with the pattern of the diseases in twelve years ago (year 1995) that were perinatal disorders, diarrhea, meningitis, congenital malformation. The proportion of several environmental-based communicable diseases increase in the six years of the last period (2001-2007) that were diarrhea, tuberculosis, malaria, dengue. The causes of death that threatened children under-five year old were as follows diarrhea, dengue, tuberculosis, malaria, and external causes, and the proportion increased significantly.


Keywords: Cause of death, infant, children under-five year old

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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: