TREN DAN DISPARITAS ANGKA KEMATIAN BAYI (AKB), ANGKA KEMATIAN ANAK BALITA (AKA), ANGKA KEMATIAN BALITA (AKBA) MENURUT SOSIAL EKONOMI DI INDONESIA, SUSENAS 1998, 2001 dan 2003

Tin Afifah, Sarimawar Djaja, Joko Irianto

TREN DAN DISPARITAS ANGKA KEMATIAN BAYI (AKB), ANGKA KEMATIAN ANAK BALITA (AKA), ANGKA KEMATIAN BALITA (AKBA) MENURUT SOSIAL EKONOMI DI INDONESIA, SUSENAS 1998, 2001 dan 2003

Abstract


Trend and Disparity of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR) and Under Five Mortality Rate (USMR) and Social Economic Statusin Indonesia in 1998, 2001 and 2003.

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR) and Under Five Mortality rate(U5MR), especially IMR, are important as welfare indicators. IMR and U5MR are The Healthy Indonesia 2010 Indicators (IS 2010). The IMR and CMR are the MDG indicators. Due to inadequate registration system in Indonesia, estimation of various parameters of population, still rely upon survey data. Frequently,IMR and U5MR are estimated indirectly from population Census (SP), the Intercensal Population Survey (Supas), The National Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas), and the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (SDKI). The analysis objectives are to find the trend of IMR. CMR and U5MR, and its pattern by the social economic background and as well as the disparities. The Source data are the 1998, 2001 and2003 Susenas. The data cover all provinces except Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Maluku and Papua. The variables are children survival (mean of children ever born and mean of children survival), urban rural, regional, education background and quintile of strata economics. Analyses were done with indirect technique analysis with Brass-Trussel Method West Model. The analysis shows that trends of all indicators are fluctuative. The estimates of IMR and U5MR for the five-year period prior to the survey indicated aslightly increase from the I998 Susenas (49 and 65) to the 2001 Susenas (51 and 65), then decreased in the 2003 Susenas (42 and 52). All indicators show that the mortality by social economics background are highest in the poorest family, less educated mothers, live in the rural area and in the East of Indonesia Region. The results also show that the 2003 Susenas U5MR is exceeding the IS 2010 target (58/1000) and almost reach the IMR IS 2010 target (40/1000).

Keywords: trend, disparity, infant mortality rate, child mortality rate, under five mortality rate


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