KONDISI KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN DI INDONESIA DAN ANGKA KEMATIAN BAYI, ANGKA KEMATIAN ANAK BALITA SERTA ANGKA KEMATIAN BALITA MENURUT DATA SUSENAS 1998, 2001 DAN 2003 (Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001

Supraptini Supraptini, Tin Afifah

Abstract


Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001 and 2003.

Environmental health related disease are still problem in Indonesia and these factors are importence in the public daily life. Childhood mortality rate which include Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR) and Under five Mortality Rate have been used as social welfare and public health indicators. Registration system for death in lndonesia not good enough, so we count number of death using indirect methode so we used data survey. National Social and Economics Survey (NSES/Susenas) as one of data survey which every year collected can used to analysis and count the environmental health related with number of death include childhood mortality rate. Data used for this analysis is NSES Modul 1998, 2001 and 2003 and the analysis unit is house hold. The scoring of healthy housing based upon the total scoring of 8 parameters and divided into 3 categories e.g good, moderate, and bad. The result showed that the factor of environment health 'bad' categories produced IMR, CMR, and Under live Mortality rate was higest. Environmental health 'good' categories in Indonesia contributed for decreasing CMR (age 1-4 years), in Java Bali especially to decreasing for Under five Mortality Rate (age 1-59 months). But in East Indonesian Area for five years (1998-2003) or 'good' categories there are increasing tor IMR, CMR, and Under five Mortality Rate. In urban or rural area there are not different environmental health 'good' categories will be contributed for decreasing death, exepted for CMR (age 1-4 years) in urban area there are the same for 'good' categories or 'moderate' categories. The trend of IMR,CMR and Under five Mortality Rate increasing in 2001 but decreasing in 2003. Indonesian IMR in 2001 at seven grade in ASEAN after Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, The Philippines, and Vietnam.

Keywords: Enviromental health, Infant Mortality Rate, Childhood Mortality Rate


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