pagar rumah minimalis desain rumah sederhana modern interior design rumah minimalis sederhana model rumah sederhana teras rumah minimalis umpan ikan mas umpan ikan bawal umpan ikan nila umpan ikan lele umpan ikan patin umpan ikan gejala penyakit jantung ciri ciri penyakit jantung gejala sakit jantung penyakit jantung koroner ciri penyakit jantung penyebab penyakit jantung penyebab kanker serviks gejala kanker serviks ciri ciri kanker serviks gejala kanker otak ciri ciri kanker otak cara menurunkan berat badan cara meninggikan badan cara mengatasi rambut rontok cara mengatasi keputihan cara berhenti merokok cara menghilangkan bau kaki cara menghilangkan panu cara menghilangkan karang gigi cara menurunkan kolesterol cara mengatasi insomnia cara bermain gitar cara belajar gitar cara bermain catur cara bermain rubik belajar bermain gitar cara bermain drum cara bermain piano cara bermain clash of clans tips bermain clash of clans cara main clash of clans cara memainkan gitar cara menghilangkan jerawat cara menghilangkan bekas jerawat cara menghilangkan komedo cara menghilangkan jerawat cara menghilangkan bekas jerawat cara menghilangkan komedo download clash of clans for pc download clash of clans for pccara alami menghilangkan ketombeCara Alami Menghilangkan Bekas Luka Dengan Cepatberbagai cara menghilangkan bau badancara menghilangkan bau mulut secara alami

KONDISI KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN DI INDONESIA DAN ANGKA KEMATIAN BAYI, ANGKA KEMATIAN ANAK BALITA SERTA ANGKA KEMATIAN BALITA MENURUT DATA SUSENAS 1998, 2001 DAN 2003 (Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001

Supraptini Supraptini, Tin Afifah

Abstract


Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001 and 2003.

Environmental health related disease are still problem in Indonesia and these factors are importence in the public daily life. Childhood mortality rate which include Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR) and Under five Mortality Rate have been used as social welfare and public health indicators. Registration system for death in lndonesia not good enough, so we count number of death using indirect methode so we used data survey. National Social and Economics Survey (NSES/Susenas) as one of data survey which every year collected can used to analysis and count the environmental health related with number of death include childhood mortality rate. Data used for this analysis is NSES Modul 1998, 2001 and 2003 and the analysis unit is house hold. The scoring of healthy housing based upon the total scoring of 8 parameters and divided into 3 categories e.g good, moderate, and bad. The result showed that the factor of environment health 'bad' categories produced IMR, CMR, and Under live Mortality rate was higest. Environmental health 'good' categories in Indonesia contributed for decreasing CMR (age 1-4 years), in Java Bali especially to decreasing for Under five Mortality Rate (age 1-59 months). But in East Indonesian Area for five years (1998-2003) or 'good' categories there are increasing tor IMR, CMR, and Under five Mortality Rate. In urban or rural area there are not different environmental health 'good' categories will be contributed for decreasing death, exepted for CMR (age 1-4 years) in urban area there are the same for 'good' categories or 'moderate' categories. The trend of IMR,CMR and Under five Mortality Rate increasing in 2001 but decreasing in 2003. Indonesian IMR in 2001 at seven grade in ASEAN after Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, The Philippines, and Vietnam.

Keywords: Enviromental health, Infant Mortality Rate, Childhood Mortality Rate


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 1412-4025

EISSN: 2354-8754

 

View My Stats
pagar rumah minimalis desain rumah sederhana modern interior design rumah minimalis sederhana model rumah sederhana teras rumah minimalis umpan ikan mas umpan ikan bawal umpan ikan nila umpan ikan lele umpan ikan patin umpan ikan gejala penyakit jantung ciri ciri penyakit jantung gejala sakit jantung penyakit jantung koroner ciri penyakit jantung penyebab penyakit jantung penyebab kanker serviks gejala kanker serviks ciri ciri kanker serviks gejala kanker otak ciri ciri kanker otak cara menurunkan berat badan cara meninggikan badan cara mengatasi rambut rontok cara mengatasi keputihan cara berhenti merokok cara menghilangkan bau kaki cara menghilangkan panu cara menghilangkan karang gigi cara menurunkan kolesterol cara mengatasi insomnia cara bermain gitar cara belajar gitar cara bermain catur cara bermain rubik belajar bermain gitar cara bermain drum cara bermain piano cara bermain clash of clans tips bermain clash of clans cara main clash of clans cara memainkan gitarcara menghilangkan jerawat cara menghilangkan bekas jerawat cara menghilangkan komedo cara menghilangkan jerawat cara menghilangkan bekas jerawat cara menghilangkan komedo download clash of clans for pc download clash of clans for pccara alami menghilangkan ketombeCara Alami Menghilangkan Bekas Luka Dengan Cepatberbagai cara menghilangkan bau badancara menghilangkan bau mulut secara alami