BIONOMIK VEKTOR DAN SITUASI MALARIA DI KECAMATAN KOKAP, KABUPATEN KULONPROGO, YOGYAKARTA

Barodji Barodji, Damar T. B., Hasan Boesri, Sudini Sudini, Sumardi Sumardi

BIONOMIK VEKTOR DAN SITUASI MALARIA DI KECAMATAN KOKAP, KABUPATEN KULONPROGO, YOGYAKARTA

Abstract


Kokap subdistrict is one of the areas that has high case of malaria incidence in Kulonprogo District of Yogyakarta Province. Annual Parasite Incidence (API) was increased from 37.54% in 1997 up to 51.10% in 1999. Anopheles balabacencis and maculalus have been confirmed as malaria vectors in this area. Malaria case findings by active and passive case detections and malaria treatment were conducted routinely and bionomics study of malaria vectors was conducted in Gunungrego hamlet, Hargorejo village (Kokap I) and Sebatang hamlet, Hargotirto village (Kokap II) in 2000. Results show that malarial cases in Kokap subdistrict were found throughout the year and there was indication that the increasing malaria cases started in the transition period of wet to dry season, i.e. in April and are highest in May - July and October­ December. Anopheles balabacensis was a predominant indoor species in all areas and predominant outdoor in Sebatang, while maculatus is a predominant outdoor species in Hargorejo. Both species were found throughout the night starting at sunset. Their density were highest between 21.00 - 24.00. The distribution of malarial vectors and other  Anopheline high mosquitoes were found mostly (89,44%  - 97,90%) in cattle shelters and its surrounding areas. Malaria control in Hargotirto Village, Kokap II was conducted by indoor residual spraying using Bendiocarb 80 WP at a target dosage of 0,20 g active ingredient in 2 cycles in 2000. Malaria case treatments showed that malaria prevalence as presented by the number of slide positive rate (SPR) was decreased by 66,25% in Hargotirto and 36,50% in Hargorejo, while slide positive Plasmodium falciparum (SFR) was not decreased. In Hargotirto SFR was 9,38% before spraying and 22,03% after spraying. In Hargorejo SFR was 9,73% before spraying and 11,51% after spraying.

 

Keywords : Vector control, malaria, bionomic, bendiocarb


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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology, p-ISSN: 1412-4025, e-ISSN: 2354-8754) has been indexed by: