Menyikat Gigi, Konsumsi Buah Dan Sayur, Aktivitas Fisik, Diabetes Mellitus Dengan Jaringan Periodontal Gigi di Indonesia, Tahun 2013

Indirawati Tjahja Notohartojo, Made Ayu Lely Suratri

Abstract


If dental and oral hygiene are not maintained properly, the balance of bacteria plaque will be disrupted. By brushing teeth properly after breakfast and before sleep at night, the dental and oral hygiene are well preserved. Physical activity is important can increase blood circulation throughout the body. Periodontal tissues are supporting teeth consisting of gums, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. The study aimed to determine association of tooth brushing, eating fruits and vegetables, physical activity and Diabetes Mellitus to Periodontal tissues. It was a further analysis of Riskesdas 2013. The Riskesdas was a survey of observational and with a cross sectional design. It was carried out in 33 provinces and 497 districts year 2013. The population were all Indonesians. Samples were household members aged 15 years and above and of a total 722 329 people. Variable dependent was periodontal tissue health, whereas the independent variables were brush teeth properly, eat fruits and vegetables, physical activity, Diabetes Mellitus. Data were analyzed bivariately x2 test. Brushing teeth properly was signifi cantly associated to periodontal tissues health, as well as enough physical activity. Meanwhile, eat fruits and vegetables (p = 0.117) and also diabetes mellitus (p = 0.647) were not signifi cantly associated to periodontal tissues health. Diabetes mellitus did not infl uence the periodontal tissues health possibly because it was assessed by interview and was not followed by blood examination. It suggests to maintain dental and oral hygiene by brushing teeth properly twice a day after breakfast and before sleep. Besides, it needs to promote enough physical activity associated with healthy periodontal tissues.

Abstrak

Bila kebersihan gigi mulut tidak dijaga dengan baik, maka keseimbangan bakteri plak akan terganggu. Dengan menyikat gigi secara benar setelah makan pagi dan sebelum tidur malam, kebersihan gigi dan mulut terjaga dengan aktivitas fisik dan Diabetes Mellitus dengan jaringan Periodontal di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis lanjut dari Riskesdas. Riskesdas merupakan riset dengan jenis observasional dan disain potong lintang. Pelaksanaan Riskesdas 2013 di 33 propinsi dan 497 kabupaten/kota di Indonesia pada tahun 2013. Populasi adalah seluruh masyarakat Indonesia. Sampel adalah anggota rumah tangga yang berusia 15 tahun keatas dan berjumlah 722.329 orang. Variabel dependen adalah kesehatan jaringan periodontal sedangkan variable independen adalah menyikat gigi, makan buah dan sayur, aktivitas fisik, dan diabetes mellitus. Analisis data secara bivariat dengan x2 test. Menyikat gigi secara benar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap jaringan periodontal yang sehat, demikian dengan aktivitas fisik yang cukup. Sedangkan konsumsi buah dan sayur yang cukup (p = 0,117) dan menderita diabetes mellitus (p = 0,647) tidak berhubungan signifikan dengan kesehatan jaringan periodontal. Diabetes Mellitus tidak berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan jaringan periodontal kemungkinan karena hanya berdasarkan wawancara dan tidak diikuti dengan pemeriksaan darah. Disarankan untuk menjaga kebersihan gigi dan mulut dengan menyikat gigi dengan cara yang benar yaitu 2 kali sehari setelah sarapan pagi dan sebelum tidur malam. Selain itu, perlu dipromosikan aktivitas fisik yang

cukup.

 


Keywords


Brushing teeth, physical activity, periodontal tissues health

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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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