GAMBARAN PENYEBAB KEMATIAN KANKER DI 15 KABUPATEN/KOTA DI INDONESIA 2011

Eva Sulistiowati, Dina Bisara Lolong, Lamria Pangaribuan

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Background: Cancer is the third leading cause of death in the world and the incidence is increase each year. In fulfilling the statistics cause of death is necessary to recorded causes of death that meets international standards and described the community data. Methods: Formulir Keterangan Penyebab Kematian (FKPK) is an instrument for recording causes of death with the criteria of the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) recommended by World health Organization (WHO). The data collection is done by filling FKPK since January 1 to December 31, 2011 in 15 districts/cities in Indonesia. Underlying cause of death is determined based on the rules in the mortality statistics. Data classified by tabular list 1 and analyzed with SPSS. Results: Cancer cause of death in 15 districts/cities which occurred in 2011 amounted to 2433 cases. The proportion of deaths due to cancer is greater in women than in men (53.3%, 46.7%) and death at home is higher than in the hospital (62.2%, 37.8%). The highest proportion of cancer cause of death in men is hepatoma (17.5%), lung cancer (15.5%). Whereas in women is breast cancer (26.0%), cervical cancer (16.2%) and hepatoma (6.5%). The proportion cancer on children aged ≤18 years most are leukemia (44.05%). Conclusion: The incidence of cancer in Indonesia is quite high. Cancer can be prevented, it is necessary for promotive and preventive efforts to prevent cancer by applying the Clean and Healthy Behaviors and CERDIK.

ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang: Kanker merupakan penyakit penyebab kematian ketiga di dunia setelah penyakit infeksi dengan insidensi yang terus meningkat setiap tahunnya. Dalam memenuhi statistik penyebab kematian tersebut perlu pencatatan penyebab kematian yang memenuhi standar internasional dan menggambarkan data seluruh masyarakat. Metode: FormulirKeterangan Penyebab Kematian (FKPK) merupakan instrumen pencatatan penyebab kematian yang memenuhi kriteriaInternational Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) yang direkomendasikan oleh WHO. Pengumpulan data kematian dilakukan dengan mengisi FKPK sejak 1 Januari–31 Desember 2011 di 15 kabupaten/kota di Indonesia. Kemudian ditentukan penyebab dasar kematian berdasarkan aturan dalam statistik kematian. Hasil: Kematian yang disebabkan karena kanker di 15 kabupaten/kota yang terjadi pada tahun 2011 berjumlah 2433 kasus. Proporsi kematian karena kanker lebih besar (53,3%) pada perempuan dibandingkan dengan (46,7%) laki-laki, kejadian kematian di rumah lebih banyak di banding di Rumah Sakit (62,2%, 37,8%). Penyebab kematian karena kanker terbesar pada laki-laki adalah (17,5%) malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile duct, sedangkan pada perempuan adalah (26,0%) malignant neoplasm of breast. Pada anak usia 0–18 tahun proporsi kematian terbanyak adalah (4405%) leukemia. Kesimpulan: Kejadian kanker di Indonesia cukup tinggi. Kanker dapat dicegah sehingga perlu upaya promotif dan preventif dengan cara menerapkan PHBS dan CERDIK.


Keywords


cause of death; cancer; 15 districts/cities Indonesia

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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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