PENGEMBANGAN METODE PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SEMARANG PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH (Developing Community Empowerment for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Vector Control in Semarang City, Central Java Province)

Wiwik Trapsilowati, Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo, Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Totok Mardikanto

Abstract


Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) prevention required active participation from community. Thus in addition, empowerment methods need to be developed for increasing the community participation for DHF vector control. Methods: The study was conducted in Semarang. The design of this study was participatory action research (PAR). The intervension of this study was empowerment methods from PRA, PLA and COMBI modification which was difined as Community Empowerment in Dengue Vector Control (PMPV-DBD). Data was collected by structured interview and observation/larvae monitoring. Results: There was a positive significantly difference (p < 0.05) in knowledge and attitudes of community after the application of PMPV-DBD method in intervention area, although there was no significant difference in community practice before and after intervention. In control area, there was no difference (p > 0.05) in knowledge, attitude and practice in community before and after intervention. Conclusion: Indicator of entomology (larvae free index/ABJ) showed an increasing trend, while House index (HI), Container index (CI) and Breteau Index (BI) tended to decrease. Recommendation: The PMPV-DBD method application could be adapted by health sector according to Permenkes No. 65 Tahun 2013 for sustained program and could be applicated to the larger area.

Keywords


empowerment; participation; DHF cadre

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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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